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  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
  • FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE VS. TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON et al PERSONAL INJURY/PROPERTY DAMAGE - VEHICLE RELATED document preview
						
                                

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Nikolaus W. Reed, Esq. (SBN 259951) Law Offices of Nikolaus W. Reed 2 |) 135 10" Street San Francisco, CA 94103 ELECTRONICALLY 3. || Telephone: (415) 940-7766 FILED Facsimile: (415) 940-7706 ‘Superior Court of Caitfornia, ql County of San Francisco Attorney for Plaintiff 09/03/2015 5 || FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE [erro ore 1] Deputy Clerk 7 THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA 7 IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO. 7 Case No.: CGC-14-536554 9 FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE 4 Plaintiff, DECLARATION OF EXPERT WITNESS 10 7 RUDY DEGGER IN SUPPORT OF and OPPOSITION BY PLAINTIFF il FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE TO TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON, COSTCO MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT 1 BY DEFENDANTCOSTCO WHOLESALE CORPORATION and , DOES} WHOLESALE CORPORATION 13 411 to 100, Dept: 302 Date: September 25, 2015 14 . Defendants. Time: 9:30 AM 15 16 17 1, Rudy Degger, hereby declare: "8 1. Tam an ACTAR Accredited Traffic Accident Reconstruction and Expert Witness - for Plaintiff FREDERICK LAMBANDRAKE in case number CGC-14-536554 against oe Defendant TIMOTHY ALAN BENSON, COSTCO WHOLESALE CORPORATION, and 2 } DOES 1 to 100. [have personal knowledge of all statements set forth below and if called as a 7 witness herein I could competently testify thereto. A true and correct copy of my professional 2 7 qualifications is attached hereto as Exhibit 1. 24 -1- DECLARATION OF RUDY DEGGER2. { have examined the scene of the incident, taken measurements of the scene and 25-A Crescent Drive, Suite 414 2 {| reviewed the ‘Traffic Collision Report and party statements for the incident. 3 3. Ihave formed some opinions regarding this incident which include, but are not 4 |] limited to: 5 a. It is more probable than not that Defendant Benson was attempting to take 6 |ja left turn out of the parking structure immediately preceding the incident. 7 b. The signage inside Defendant Costco's parking structure was misleading, 8 |} and confusing, and unsafe, The signage suggests that a party exiting the parking structure may : 9 || proceed straight and make a left turn over the double yellow lines. 10 c. ‘The underlying straight ahead arrow allowing cars to turn left was not iL {blocked out before painting a right turn arrow on top of it. This condition is partially responsible j 12 3] for the incident which is the subject of this lawsuit. 13 d. Taking a left turn out of the subject parking structure is dangerous and 14 |lunsafe given the traffic conditions, the proximity to the intersection, and the lack of adequate 15 |} sight lines. 16 17 || Executed this | = of Sphawlec 2015 in Pleasant Hil, eee 18 a i ee | | 4 19 : Rudy Degger 20 EXPERT WITNESS 2] Pleasant Hill, CA 96103 (530) 836-1654 22 23 24 REAL AB ATION AF BTINY REAGERExhibit LCURRICULUM VITAE OF Ruby DeGGER, ACTAR Direct: (530) 836-1654 Fax: (530) 836-1673 Email: rudy@rudydegger.com PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION AND LICENSES A. .R. full accreditation; registration number 447 California Community Colleges Limited Service Teaching Credential P.O.S.T. - Basic, Advanced and Supervisory EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND Associate of Arts, Administration of Justice, Diablo Valley College, 1974 College classes/courses taken outside of AS degree (each class one semester) taken between 41971 and 1992: Plane Surveying 1971, Engineering Drawing 1971, Engineering Drawing 1972, Calculus 1972, Chemistry 1972, Fortran Language Programming 1977, Microcomputers 1989, Computers & Data Processing 1990, and Physics 1992. Police Academy; Pleasanton, California, 1975 California Community Colleges Limited Service Teaching Credential, University of California, Berkeley, 1986 EmPLOYMENT Rudy Degger & Associates, Inc., 1992-present The Office of the Sheriff, Contra Costa County, Law Enforcement Training Center; 2002-present Los Medanos College, Pittsburg, California; 1987-2001 University of California, at Riverside, Riverside, California; 1996-2000 Sacramento City College, Sacramento, California; 1996-2000 Contra Costa County Sheriffs Department, Martinez, California; 1975-1995 RND Collision Analysis (sole proprietor), Lafayette, California; 1986-1992 Richmond Police Department, Richmond, California; 1974-1975 RELATED TECHNICAL EXPERTISE Police officer — 1975-1995, retired police Sergeant, Contra Costa County Sheriffs Department. Police accident investigator and reconstructionist - Investigation of more than 1000 traffic accidents as the uniformed at-scene police-investigator, plus the investigation of more than 300 additional accidents, after-the-fact, as the follow-up police investigator and/or police superviser for the _..-purpose-of.determining.primary.collision factors, estimating speeds, dete: mining pre- and post: impact trajectories and the general reconstruction of the accident, taking photographs and measurements, collecting physical evidence, preparing proportional and scaled diagrams and collision reports, miscellaneous advanced technical assistance, and court testimony. Traffic accident investigations and reconstructions included non-injury, injury and fatality accidents involving: auto-auto, auto-object, auto-pedestrian, auto-bicycle, bicycle-object, auto-truck, truck-truck, truck-pedestrian, truck-motorcycle, truck-bicycle, truck-object, auto- motorcycle, motorcycle-motorcycle, and motorcycle-object. RuDY DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California PO Box 1647 Graeagle, CA 96103 EIN: 91-1775926 San Francisco Bay Area 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Pheasant Hill, CA 94523 eVv-02/2015 Page 1 ExCURRICULUM VITAE OF RuDy DeGGER, ACTAR Accident report review officer - The review of several thousand accident reports from 1984 through 1987 and 1989 through 1995, as the Department traffic accident report review officer and as a police sergeant, respectively. Traffic Bureau supervisor - Traffic Bureau Supervisor for the Sheriffs Department Contract City of Danville from 1989 through 1995. IMPACT (team) supervisor - Lead member and supervisor of the Department's Injury and Major Prosecution Accident Call-out Team (I.M.P.A.C.T.) responsible for the reconstruction of major traffic accidents, from 1987 through 1995 Private accident reconstruction - Principle of Ruby DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC., the reconstruction ‘of more than 2000 traffic accidents as a private consultant, including: skid mark analysis; speed estimation from skid marks, slide, linear momentum, damage, projectile motion, and energy; damage evaluation; time distance studies, determination of whether injury producing forces exist in certain low-speed impact collisions, environmental, vehicle, and human factor comparisons; occupant kinematics; auto-pedestrian and auto-bicycie impact analysis; photography; investigation and analysis into causation and failure modes for bias-ply and radial tires. SPECIALIZED TRAINING Accident Investigation Class, CHP Academy, 1979 Skid Mark Analysis, CHP Pacheco Office, 1980. Driver Training, Los Medanos College, 1983 Speed Enforcement and Radar Operator Instructor, Los Rios Community College, 1985 Advanced Accident Investigation - Accident Reconstruction, Los Rios Community College, 1985 Drug and Alcohol Recognition Training, Los Medanos Community College, 1986 Traffic Program Management, California State Polytechnic University, 1986 Vehicle Dynamics, Traffic Institute, Northwestern University, 1986 Traffic Accident Reconstruction, Traffic Institute, Northwestern University, 1986. Skid Mark Analysis, College of the Redwoods, 1987 Supervisory Technical Course, Los Medanos College, 1987 Incident Commander/On-Scene Manager, Hazardous Materials Spills, California Specialized Training Institute, San Luis Obispo, 1991. Microcomputer Application Programs In Traffic Accident Reconstruction, Traffic Institute, Northwestern University, 1991. Traffic Accident Reconstruction Hl, Traffic Institute, Northwestern University, 1991 Investigation of Motorcycle Accidents, Institute of Police Technology and Management, University orem FLOP FOTIA | TIGA res tee eet Formula Race Car Driver Training (at Laguna Seca Raceway), Jim Russell Racing Drivers School, Salinas, 1992 investigation of Pedestrian Accidents, Instruction by Gary Stephens, S.A.T.A.. Conference, Los Angeles, 1993 Investigation of Pedestrian Accidents and Human Factors, Institute of Police Technology and Management, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, 1993 RupY DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Graeagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN: 91-1776926 CV-02/2015 Page 2CURRICULUM VITAE OF Ruby DeGcer, ACTAR Special Problems in Traffic Accident Reconstruction (Analyzing Nighttime Accidents; Tractor Trailer Jackknife Problems; Accident Fraud; Vehicle Rollovers; Lamp Analysis; Mechanical Vehicle Inspection; Airborne Accidents; Friction and Energy Problems; Occupant and Pedestrian Injury Analysis), Institute of Police Technology and Management, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, 1993 Momentum and Crash 3 Applications, and Kinetic Energy and Speed Equivalent, Gary Cooper and Terry Day, S.A.7.A.|. Conference, Reno, 1993 Staged Collision and Speed From Damage Analysis, Thad Aycock, The Traffic Institute, Northwestern University, S.A.T.A.1. Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1994 Low Speed Rear Impact Collisions, Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE TOPTEC, Irvine, CA, 1994 Critical Speed Analysis during Deceleration, Richard Chatman, WAT.AL, AC.TAR, S.ATAL Conference, Reno, NV, 1994 Work Zone Traffic Accidents, Arnold Wheat, S.0.A.R., A.C.T.A.R., S.A.T.A.l. Conference, Reno, NV, 1994 7 Low Impact Collision Seminar, National Institute of Forensic Studies, Pleasanton, CA, 1995 Computerized Collision Diagramming, Institute of Police Technology and Management, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, 1995 Special Problems in Traffic Accident Reconstruction (Accident Animation and Simulation: Legal issues; Occupant Kinematics and Human Tissue Injury Analysis; Night Visibility and Human Factors; New Automotive Lamp Technology; Low Speed Impact Analysis; Physical Evidence vs. the Eye Witness; Bus Accident Reconstruction; Vehicle Fire Analysis; Friction and Tire Forces; Multi-Unit Commercial Vehicle Analysis; Headlight Pattern Analysis), Institute of Police Technology and Management, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, 1995 Tire Forensics for the Accident Investigator, Institute of Police Technology and Management, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, 1995 Low Speed and Minor Impact Investigations: Basic Fundamentals and Application of Collision Test Data Seminar, Mark Bailey, B.S. Mechanical Engineer, M.S. Metallurgy; Dave King, P.E., MacInnis Engineering Associates Lid., Jeff Wheeler, M.S. Biomechanical Engineer; Biodynamics Engineering Inc., thirty-five low speed staged collisions with live human volunteer test subjects, S.A.T.A.1. Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1995 * The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety, Vehicle Research Center, VA.; the National Crash Analysis Research Center, George Washington University Extension, VA.; Visual Estimation of Estimating Vehicle Damage and Evaluating Repair Estimates, Mr. Shelton, Property Claim Trainer, State Farm Insurance, SOAR/TAARS/WATAL Combined Conference, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1995 Low Speed and Minor Impact Collision and ABS demonstrations: MacInnis Engineering Associates Ltd.; Biomechanics of Injury: Liptai Engineering. N.C.F.I.A. Conference, Monterey, 1996 Low Speed and Minor impact Collision Testing, Mark Bailey, B.S. Mechanica! Engineer, M.S. ~~ Metallurgy;Dave-King;-P.£.;-Maclnnis-Enginesting-Associates.Ltd.,.fifteen. low.speed staged. collisions, S.A.T.A.l. Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1996 Motorcycle Crash Dynamics, Paul Olson, Faculty IPTM and Major with Bellevue Police Department Washington, S.A.T.A.L Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1996 Low Speed Collision Toptec: injury Biomechanics, Mark Gomez, Ph.D.; Understanding “Whiplash”, Whit E. McConnell, M.D., Richard Harding, Ph.D., Thomas M. McNish, P.E., M.D., Alfred P. Bowles, P.E., M.D., Scott W. Krenrich, M.D. {all with Biodynamic Research Corporation) and Louis Y. Cheng, Ph.D., Failure Analysis Associates, Inc.; Human Volunteer Testing, Gunter Sigmund, P.E., MacInnis Engineering and John R. Brault, M.S., Biomechanics Research and Consulting; Human Subject Responses to Various Acceleration Fields, Thomas J. Szabo, P.E., Biomechanist and Judson Welcher, P.E., Biomechanist, (bath with Biomechanical Research Rupy DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Graeagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN: 91-1776926 CV-02/2015 Page 3CURRICULUM VITAE OF Ruby DEGcER, ACTAR and Testing); Structures and Injuries of the Neck, Barry Ph.D., Biomechanist, Duke University Faculty of Medicine; Dynamic Requirements of Automobile Seatbacks, Doug Romilly, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia; Rear-end Collisions - Dummy Testing, Mats Y. Svensson, Ph.D.; Comparison of Different Car Seats, Adreas Moser, Technical University of Graz, Austria; Reconstructing Minor Collisions, Mark N. Bailey, B.S. Mechanical Engineer, M.S. Metallurgy, MacInnis Engineering; Low Speed Vehicle Impact Demonstration, David King, 8.S., Macinnis Engineering. Society of Automotive Engineers, SAE TOPTEC, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 1996 Damage Analysis and Speed Estimation from Crush, Timothy A. Moebes, P.E., Trantech Corporation, two high speed barrier staged collisions, S.A.T.A.1. Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1997 Close-Range Softcopy Photogrammetry In Accident Reconstruction, Harry W. Townes, P.E. (PhotoWin35), S.A.T.A.I. Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1997 Momentum and Energy Principles, Dr. Gordon Bigg, Ph.D. and Dr. Bruno Schmidt, Ph.D., M.A.T.A.I. Conference, Kansas City, MO., 1998 Motorcycle Accident Investigation, Neil Robar; Vehicle Aerodynamics related to Accident Reconstruction, John Daly, P.E.; S.A.T.A.|. Conference, Phoenix, AZ., 1998 Understanding Occupant Behavior in Vehicle Collisions, Dr. Richard Froede, M.D. and Laurence G. Cripe, BCFE, ACTAR; Lamp Examination, Ray Gieszt; S.A.T.A.l. Conference, San Diego, CA., 1998 The Practical Application of Crush, James A. Neptune, P.E. (Neptune Engineering, Inc.), Terry D. Day, P.E. (Engineering Dynamics Corporation), George M. Bonnett (Reconstruction Technology and Rec-Tec software); FARO Conference, OR., 1999 Speed from Crush; Donald J, Basham and James A. Neptune, P.E. (Neptune Engineering, Inc.); CA®RS Conference, CA, 1999 Event Data Retrieval Technology (“black box") - Computerized Vehicle Diagnostics; Donaid Floyd, P.E. (General Motors Corporation - Michigan) and Donald Gilman, P.E. (Vetronix Corporation); CA’RS Conference, CA, 1999 Tire Damage Analysis; Michelin Tire Company; University of California — Riverside, CA, 2000. Light and Heavy Vehicle Acceleration Tests; CA’RS Quarterly Training meeting at Stockton P.D., Stockton, CA, 2000 HVE Forum Workshop ~ HVE-2D / EDCRASH / EDSMAC; Terry D. Day, P.E. (Engineering Dynamics Corporation); Kenneth S. Baker and James P. Sneddon (Northwestern University Traffic institute); San Diego, CA, 2000 Accident Reconstruction and Litigation Seminar: Human Factors in Traffic Accident Reconstruction, Paul L. Olsen, PhD; The Effects of Drugs and Alcohol on Driving, James T. O'Donnell, Pharm.D., M.S.; Accident Investigation and Reconstruction: Occupant Kinematics, Dynamics and Biomechanics, Alan J. Watts, PhD; Inducing Error and Injury: Distractions, Reactions and the Brain, George A. Peters, J.D., P.E.; Human Factors and €mergency Vehicles, Stephen S. ommnemm-—SolOMON; B:S:7 O:B:; Anaheim 2601---~ nrenancnenarannnmens nee sonnet Tire and Wheel Related Reconstruction Issues, Harold Herzlich; Momentum, Gary Cooper; Pole Collisions, Joe Cofone; Southwestern Association of Technical Accident Investigators, Las Vegas, NV, 2001 Human Factors in Accident Reconstruction, Dean Reichenberg, CHP Special investigation Unit (former MAIT); California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists; Concord, CA, 2001 Rupy DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Gracagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 GV-02/2015 EIN: 91-1775926 Page 4CURRICULUM VITAE OF Ruby DEGGER, ACTAR Incident Management Concerns for the Traffic Collision Reconstructionist, Arnold Wheat; Roadway Issues in Accident Investigation, Jim Purcell, P.E., CHP MAIT; Critical Speed Testing Results and Analysis, Timothy J. Ruest, P.E.; Investigation of Staged Traffic Collisions, Joseph J. Del’ Marmot; Momentum Basics, Tom Shelton, CHP MAIT (retired); Concord, CA, 2001 Injury Mechanisms during Motor Vehicle Collisions, Sean D. Shimada, Ph.D.; California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Davis, CA, 2002 Accident Reconstruction of Heavy (Commercial) Vehicles; USDOT Motor Carrier Compliance, Hugo Segletes, Anaheim PD; Sixteen Crash Tests: Seven low speed rear-end impacts, three low speed broadside impacts, two low speed sideswipe impacts, one moderate speed rear-end impact, one high speed lateral impact against trailer axle, one rear-end trailer under ride impact and one lateral trailer under ride impact, David J. King, PE and Jonathan M. Lawrence, PE, Macinnis Engineering Associates; Instrumented Tractor-Trailer ABS Brake Testing, Commercial Vehicle Air Brake Testing, Commercial Vehicle Event Data Recorders and Vehicle Speed Calculation Using Running Gear Specifications, Timothy J. Reust, PE, Accident Science; Computer Application to Heavy vehicle Accident Reconstruction, Bill Cliff, PE, MacInnis Engineering; Determining Braking Efficiency (Heavy Vehicles), William M. Jones, Mr. Truck; Commercial Vehicle Mechanical Inspection, Alan D. Coulter, Motor Carrier Specialist, CHP MAIT, Border Division; Anaheim, CA, 2002 PC Crash: Introduction to PC Crash — Training Workshop, William E. Cliff, PE (Mactinnis Engineering; Garden Grove, CA 2002 Tire Forensics, Mechanics and inspection, Thomas R. Giapponi, PE (TRGtech Tire Consulting); California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Concord, CA 2003 Crash Data Retrieval System Operator's Certification Course; Collision Safety Institute, W.R. “Rusty” Haight; Concord, CA 2003 HVE Forum Workshop — HVE-2D / EDCRASH / EDSMAC / EDSVS / EDVTS; Terry D. Day, P.E. and J. Travis Garvey (Engineering Dynamics Corporation), Kenneth S. Baker and James P. Sneddon (Baker Sneddon Consulting); Wesley D. Grimes; Las Vegas, NV, 2003 ARC-CSI Crash Conference; Analyzing Events Where Vehicles Move Through the Air in a Fall, Gary W. Cooper, PE, Fricke Cooper Engineering; Collision Trauma Biomechanics, Jud Welcher, BSME, MSBE, Biomechanical Research & Testing, LLC; Current Research in Low Speed Impacts — Biomechanics and Reconstruction, Thomas J. Szabo, PE, Biomechanical Research & Testing, LLC; Commercial Vehicle Event Data Recorders, Timothy J. Reust, PE, Accident Science; Las Vegas, NV, 2003 Bicycles and In-line Wheeled Vehicles/Devices Conference; Razor Scooters/Bicycles, Tim Ruest, PE, Accident Science; Accident Reconstruction Using Excel Spreadsheets, Bruno Schmidt, Ph.D.; Personal Mobility Devices, Thomas Fugger, PE, Accident Research and Biomechanics; Skateboard and Roller Blade Speeds, Jerry Eubanks, Automobile Collision Cause Analysis; Biomechanical Injury causation, Sean Shimada, Ph.D., Biomechanical Consultants of California; Medical Field and Collision Investigations, Dr. Frederico Vaca, MD, UCI Medical mse EEA HAR CHET oP gE B meer ernment nnintnaeraannnainiinintnenninteniani Vehicle Lamp Analysis; James Domenoe, Captain Riverside County Sheriffs Office/Chief of Police City of Temecula; Pittsburg, CA 2004 HVE Forum Workshop — HVE-2D / EDCRASH / EDSMAC / EDSVS / EDVTS; Terry D. Day, P.E.; Kenneth S. Baker and James P, Sneddon (Baker Sneddon Consulting); Wesley D. Grimes; Joeseph H. Canova; San Francisco, 2004 Rupy DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. San Francisco Bay Area 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 Northeast California PO Box [647 Gracagle, CA 96103 CV-02/2015 EIN: 91-1775926 Page 5CURRICULUM VITAE OF RUDY DEGGER, ACTAR ARC-CSI Crash Conference; Crash Testing — A Historical Perspective, Wilton D. Nelson, BSCE; Crash Data Retrieval System Update, Rusty Haight; Lega! implications of CDR Data Retrieval and Use, Mike Horowitz, Esq.; Crush Measuring Protocol, Nicholas S. Tumbas; Evaluating and using Crash Test Data, James A. Neptune; Commercial Vehicle EDR Systems, Timothy J. Reust; Restraint Evaluation for Collisions, Donald Felicella; Crash Testing Data (low speed, barrier and two-car coilisions); Las Vegas, NV, 2004 Motorcycle Investigation and Reconstruction Conference — Motorcycle Design, Tire and Tiremark interpretation and Rider Habits, Steve Anderson; Motorcycle Brake Systems, Albert Baxter; Motorcycle Helmets and Injury Prevention, David R. Thom, MS; Relevant Motorcycle Laws and Lane Sharing, Steve Haverkamp; Santa Rosa, CA, 2004 Crash Data Retrieval System - Operator's Certification Course Update, Rusty Haight (Collision Safety Institute); Las Vegas, NV, 2005 ARC-CSI Crash Conference; The Impact of Micro sleep (Fatigue) on the Driving Task, Whether Weather Influences Driver Response, and Perception and Reaction Times to Path Intrusions, Jeffrey W. Muttart, MA, ACTAR; When Do Airbags Depfoy, Douglas A. Nunan (Delphi Electronics & Safety); Commercial Vehicle EDR Systems, Timothy J. Reust; Commercial Vehicle Brake Systems, Dave Stopper; Damage and Energy: How it Works / Why It Works, Bruno Schmidt, PhD; Child Safety Seat Issues in Crash Reconstruction, Mike McCullough; Analysis of Collisions Involving Pedestrians or Bicycles, Jerry Eubanks; Pedestrian Crash Case Studies, George Hall, PE; Pedestrian Crash Injuries, Jud Welcher, MME; Crash Data Retrieval System: Developments and Future Trends, Andrew Bunch (Vetronix Corporation); Las Vegas, NV, 2005 Investigating Emergency Vehicle Collisions Conference ~ Human Factors, Dr. Stephen S. Solomon, BS, OD; EDR Downloads from Emergency Vehicles, Tim Reust; Construction of Firefighting Vehicles, Alan Irwin; POST Guidelines on Code-3 and Pursuit Driving, James Holder; Vehicle and Scene Documentation, Greg Matthews; Legal Aspects of Emergency Vehicle Operations, Deputy DA Creg Datig, Riverside DA; Temecula, CA 2005 Crash Data Retrieval System Operator's Certification Course - Rusty Haight (Collision Safety Institute); Vallejo, CA, 2006 Crash Reconstruction — Roadway Design and Sightline Issues, Anna Ristau, The CAD Zone, Inc.; Crash Data Retrieval Systems, Steve Haverkamp; Vehicle Inspections, Dean Linnens, CHP. MAIT; Autopsies and Medical Records, Dr. Sean Shimada, PhD; Interviewing Techniques, Toni Wolfe, LAPD; Lake Tahoe, CA 2006 Crash Reconstruction — Auto-Pedestrian, and Low and High Speed Auto-Auto Crash Testing; ‘Automobile Insurance Fraud, Tony Torres, California Department of Insurance; New Approaches to Auto-Pedestrian Reconstruction, Jerry Eubanks, Automobile Collision Analysis; Nighttime Visibility, Dave King, MEA Forensic Engineers & Scientists; Commercial Vehicle Accident Reconstruction Factors, Tim Reust, Accident Science; Errors & Omissions in Reconstruction, Bruno Schmidt, PhD; Understanding Low Speed Collisions, David King, MEA ooo Forensic Engineers-& Scientists; -High-Speed--Offset-Collisions,.David. King,-MEA.Forensic......... Engineers & Scientists; Anaheim, CA 2007. Crash Zone — Kent Boots, CAD Zone Inc., Menlo Park, 2007. Advanced Crash Zone, Factual Diagram, Inc., Sacramento, CA 2008. Traffic Signals: Nomenclature, Traffic Signal Timing and Phasing Diagrams, Pedestrian Signal Timing, Yellow times, Dilemma Zones, Advanced Loop Sensors, Perception Reaction Factors at Intersections, Last Look Phenomena, Path Intrusions, Gap Judgment and Start up Delay; Chris Kauderer, BSME, ACTAR; Vacaville, CA, 2008. Rupy DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Graeagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN; 91-1775926 CV-02/2055 Page 6CURRICULUM VITAE OF RUDY DeGcER, ACTAR Measuring Drag Factor, Rick Jobe, Vericom Computers, Inc.; Narrow Object Impacts, Critical Speed and Yaw, Investigating Roll-Over Collisions, John Dailey, Jackson Hole Scientific investigations, Inc.; Human Factors and Visibility, Momentum and Crush, John B. Kwasnoski, Legal Sciences; CAARS 10 Conference, Sacramento, CA, 2008. Human Factors in Traffic Crashes: Perception and Reaction Time (Path intrusion, Cut-off, Lead Vehicle), Acceleration, Search Area, Gap Acceptance, Nighttime Response and Driver Choice Decisions; Jeffrey W. Muttart, M.A. ACTAR, Accident Dynamics Research Center; Sacramento, CA, 2009. HVE Forum Workshop — HVE-2D+; Terry D. Day, P.E.; Kenneth S. Baker and James P. Sneddon (Baker Sneddon Consulting); Joseph H. Canova; San Antonio, TX, 2010 Rollover Crashes, Kurt D. Weiss, MSME, Automotive Safety Research; San Jose, CA 2010. Crash Data Retrieval System Technician and Data Analyst Courses - Rusty Haight (Collision Safety Institute); Vallejo, CA, 2010. Accident Reconstruction and Biomechanical Analysis of Pedestrian Collisions — Jesse Wobrock, Ph.D, and Tia Orton, B.S., Roseville, CA, 2010. Collision Fraud Investigation — Sergeant Chris Mendez and Detective Steve Hardy, California Department of Insurance (Orange County Urban Auto Task Force), Sacramento, CA, 2010 Energy Analysis: Spin Analysis, Crush Measurement Protocol, Delta-V and Impact Speed from Crush, Calculating Stiffness Values, and Balancing Collision Forces; John Dailey, MSME, Jackson Hole Scientific Investigations, Inc., Nathan Shigemura, Traffic Safety Group, LLC, and Dan Vomhoff Ill, PE, 4N6XPRT Systems; CAARS 12" Conference, Lake Tahoe, CA 2010. ARAS360 Animation Software, Dennis O’Brien; Sacramento, CA, 2010 ARAS360 Animation Software, Chet Tomlinson; Vallejo, CA, 2011 HVE Forum Workshop ~ HVE-2D+; Terry D. Day, P.E.; James P. Sneddon (Baker Sneddon Consulting); Scottsdale, AZ, 2011 Forensic Mapping System: Total Station / Pocket Zone, by Kent Boots of Factual Diagrams; Oakley, CA 2011. Motorcycles: Motorcycle Handling and Stability by Joseph Yates, PE; Motorcycle Speed Determination from Crush Analysis by Wade Bartlett, PE; Motorcycle Rider Behavior Research by Jeff Muttart; Motorcycle Sliding Friction Values by Louis Peck, PE; CAARS 14" Conference, Lake Tahoe, CA 2012. HVE Forum Workshop — Advanced HVE-2D, Damage Studio, and Heavy Vehicle Brake Simulation in EDSMAC4; Terry D. Day, P.E.; James P, Sneddon (Baker Sneddon Consulting), San Diego, CA, 2013. Advanced Reconstruction Concepts — PDOF, Application of Laws of Sines and Cosines with CDR data, Closing Speed and Restitution, and Case Studies presented by Gregory Russell, WATAI Fall Conference, Redmond, WA, 2013. Reconstruction Methods: Momentum and CDR (Gary W. Cooper, PE — Northwestern University), Monte Carlo Methods Applied to Crash Reconstruction (Roger W. Barrette, PE — Cooper ~~~ Barrette Consulting); Foree-Balance-Methods-(Adam-M:-Hyde—-Cooper Barrette COnsullting)y enn noennnnn Lake Tahoe, CA 2014. GDR Technician Level 1 and 2 Cerlification: CSI Collision Safety Institute by Kent Boots Factual Diagrams, Cameron Park, CA, 2015. Analytical Analysis of Low Speed Impact Limits Established by IIHS Comparisons, Mark Whelchel, Crush Analysis Mechanical Engineering, Vallejo, CA, 2015. Ruby DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisca Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Graeagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN: 91-4775926 CV-02/2015. Page 7CurRICULUM ViTAE oF Ruby DeGceR, ACTAR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT High and Low-Speed Auto-Auto Crash Testing, Los Medanos College, 1987-2005 High and Low-Speed Skid Testing (coefficient of friction), Los Medanos College, 1987-2005 High-Speed Conventional and A.B.S. Skid Testing, Contra Costa County Sheriff's Department I.M.P.A.C.T. (team), 1993 Auto-Pedestrian Crash Testing, Contra Costa County Sheriffs Department I.M.P.A.C.T. (team), 1994 High-Speed Lateral-Impact Crash Testing, University of California Riverside, 1996 Low-Speed Rear, Lateral, Sideswipe and Front-lmpact Crash Testing, University of California Riverside, 1996, 1997, 1998 and 1989 Lamp Analysis (on-off), Los Medanos College, 1997 7 Motorcycle Skid and Slide Testing (coefficient of friction), CAPRS, 1998 and 1999 High-Speed Crash Testing, Auto-Auto Lateral-Impact, CA’RS, 1998 and 1999 Auto-Pedestrian Crash Testing, CARS, 1999 Low-Speed Rear and Lateral-Impact Crash Testing, NCFIA, 1999 High-Speed Lateral-Impact Crash Testing, NCFIA, 1999 High Speed Crash Testing, Auto Barrier UNDER-RIDE; CA’RS, 1999 High Speed Crash Testing, Auto Barrier FULL and OFFSET, CA’RS, 1999 Acceleration Testing; Light and Heavy Vehicles, CA?RS, 2000 Acceleration / deceleration Testing; Buses, CA’RS, 2000 Acceleration / deceleration Testing; Tractor-trailer combination and Buses, CA’RS, 2002 Low-Speed Rear and Lateral Impact Crash Testing of Tractor-trailer and large buses versus Passenger Cars and light trucks versus passenger cars, CA’RS, 2002 High-Speed Rear, Passenger Car versus Tractor-trailer Combination and High Speed Lateral Trailer Under-ride, Passenger Car versus Trailer, Crash Testing, CARRS, 2002 Deceleration Testing, 1948 “Historic” Streetcar, San Francisco, 2003 Auto-Pedestrian Crash Testing as follows: (1) Sacramento, 2003, (2) Anaheim, 2004, (3) Vallejo, 2006, (4) Vallejo, 2009, (5) Vallejo, 2010, (6) Lodi, 2012, (7) San Ramon, 2012, (8) Anaheim, 2012, and (9) Modesto 2014. Motorcycle Crash Testing: Twenty-three motorcycle impact tests with twenty-three different motorcycles, using five different cars, Santa Rosa, 2004 EXPERT WITNESS TESTIMONY Qualified as an Expert in Traffic Accident Reconstruction on at least 200 occasions in California State Superior and Municipal Courts and in Federal Court. Court locations include: Alameda County Butte County Contra Costa County Washoe County, NV ooo reno County Kern County ee ae GOUn ty ree ren enn eres anon cna Marin County Mendocino County Monterey County Napa County Sacramento County San Francisco County San Joaquin County San Mateo County Santa Clara County Santa Cruz County Solano County Sonoma County Stanislaus County Tulare County Yuba County Rupy DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Gtaeagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523, CV-02/2015. EIN; 91-1775926 Page 8CURRICULUM VITAE OF Ruby DecGerR, ACTAR Selected expert testimony: Accident speed determination by damage and/or energy analysis — Established pre-impact vehicle speeds based upon crush analysis of damaged vehicles and/or trajectories Bicyclist impacted by motor vehicle — Bicycle position and vehicle impact speed determined by vehicle deceleration, rider and bicycle trajectory, damage and related physical evidence Consistency of damage - Analysis of the reported damage to determine if the vehicles were involved in a reciprocal collision, based on the damage profile, the damage magnitude, witness marks and balanced forces Environmental (roadway) factors - Determination of whether the road edge contributed to the cause of the accident by its size and shape, empirical test data and the pre- and post-impact trajectory of the motor vehicle Failure to yield right-of-way at a controlled intersection — Determination of red/green signal light for vehicles through human factors analysis, signal light timing and phasing and speed of the vehicles from physical and testimonial evidence Human factors - Perception and reaction time and distance based on the event type, weather and time of day. Sight distance and conspicuity based on the roadway configuration, vehicle size, shape and color, contrast, weather and lighting conditions Injury probability and impact force — Determination of change-in-velocity (delta-V), g-analysis, occupant kinematics and injury probability in low-speed rear-end, front-end, lateral and sideswipe collisions Lane change - Determination of which vehicle made the fane change by the physical characteristics and physical evidence on the involved vehicles, the post-impact trajectory and by the use of computer software to create a 2-dimensional simulation of the accident Linear momentum analysis — Determination of the pre-impact speeds of automobiles and trucks from the pre- and post-impact trajectories and vehicle weights Motorcycle speed determination by damage ~ Established a pre-impact motorcycle speed based on crush analysis of damage car, wheelbase deformation of the subject motorcycle and supporting crash test literature and documentation Pedestrian impacted by a motor vehicle ~ Pedestrian's position and vehicle impact speed determined by vehicle deceleration, pedestrian trajectory and related physical evidence Police procedures — Proper operation of an emergency vehicle for an officer who collided with a motor vehicle turing left at an intersection; specifically, speed and lane position; general procedures, requirements and definition of code-2 and code-3 response, proper and expected behavior and police procedures that relate to accident prevention; the equipment necessary to comply with the CVC laws Time-distance analysis — Motor vehicle, bicycle, motorcycle and pedestrian positions based on acceleration (positive, negative and zero) for the purpose of determining right-of-way, probable impact speeds and line-of-sight . Tire skid mark analysis - Speed determination of automobile and motorcycles from locked-wheel ..skid.marks.and.Critical. Speed Scuff marks... . Se a Two-dimensional computer simulations - Time-distance, pre-impact speeds and vehicle interaction have been illustrated with the use of computer simulations using both static and dynamic displays RUDY DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Gracagle, CA 96103 iE Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN: 91-1775926 CV-02/2018 Page 9CURRICULUM VITAE OF RuDY DeccerR, ACTAR TEACHING EXPERIENCE Law Enforcement Training Center, The Office of the Sheriff, Contra Costa County, 1/2002 to present; Principle Instructor for the following classes: (1) Intermediate and Advanced Accident Investigation; (2) Traffic Accident Reconstruction Level 1 and Level 2; and (3) Speed Determination from Crush. Students attend in blocks of 40 or 80 consecutive hours (1 or 2 weeks). Each class is taught multiple times throughout the school year except TAR and Crush, which are typically offered only once. Subject matter includes: Accident investigation and reconstruction; Skid mark analysis and speed analysis from skid marks; Friction coefficient, velocity and acceleration concepts; Kinematics; Projectile motion, including pedestrian and motorcycle rider throw; Force and energy considerations; Applied physics; Algebra and Trigonometry; Vehicle dynamics; Conservation of linear momentum; Conservation of energy; Speed from crush; Minor and low speed impact analysis; Equation derivations; Scale diagramming; Seatbelts; Human and environmental factors relating to motor vehicle collisions; and, the principles of low speed impact investigations and reconstruction techniques. Auto-Pedestrian Traffic Accident Investigation (40-hour class). Classes have been held as follows: (1) Sacramento, CA in 2003; (2) Anaheim, CA in 2004; (3) Vallejo, CA in 2006; (4) Vallejo, CA in 2009; (5) Vallejo, CA in 2010. Los Medanos College, Northern California Criminal Justice Training Center, 1987-2001. University of California at Riverside, 1996-2000. Classes taught: (1) Speed Determination from Crush, (2) Principles of Low-Speed Impact Investigations, (3) Intermediate and Advanced Accident investigation, and (4) Traffic Accident Reconstruction. Los Rios Community College and Sacramento City College, 1996-2000; Basic Accident investigation. Subject matter included: Accident investigation techniques; Elementary skid mark and speed analysis from skid marks; Friction coefficient, velocity and acceleration concepts; Evidence diagramming; Seatbelts; Human and environmental factors retating to motor vehicle collisions, Instructor for Contra Costa County Sheriff's Department from 1982 through 1995, subjects taught included: pursuit and code-3 driving; drug and atcohol recognition; radar error recognition; seatbelts; traffic control; and California Vehicle Code. Guest SPEAKER APPEARANCES Northern California Fraud Investigators Association, Low Speed impacts, Rohnert Park, 1995 Palo Alto Police Department, Accident Reconstruction Techniques, Palo Aito, 1995, Consortium of Accident reconstruction Specialists, Reconstruction of Auto-Pedestrian Traffic Collisions, San Jose, 1996 Northwestern. University Traffic Institute, Energy Techniques in Accident Reconstruction, Oakland 1996 ~~ Northern “California Fraud InvestigatorsAssociation; “Photography for Low--Speed--impact Investigations, Monterey, 1997 Northern California Fraud Investigators Association, Low Speed Impacts, Monterey, 1998 The Litigation Committee of the Barristers Club of the San Francisco Bar Association, Low Speed impact Analysis, San Francisco, 1997 and 1998 California Chiropractic Association, Accident Reconstruction and the Low Speed Impact, Orange County, 1997 and Concord, 1998 The American Corporate Counsel Association, Low Speed Impact Analysis, Washington, D.C., 1998 Northern California Fraud Investigators Association, Accident Reconstruction: The Low Speed Accident, Monterey, 1999 Ruby DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Gracagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN; 91-1775926 CV-02/2015 Page 10CURRICULUM VITAE OF RuDY DEGGER, ACTAR. AC Transit, Photography Techniques in Accident Investigation, Emeryville, 1998. Forensic Accident Reconstructionists of Oregon, The Practical Application of Crush, 1999. AC Transit, Report Writing: Accident Investigation and Reporting Techniques, Emeryville, 1999. Lawyers & Judges Accident Reconstruction and Litigation Seminar, Vehicle Crush Application: The Do’s and Don'ts, Anaheim, 2001 Southwestern Association of Technical Accident investigators, Crush and Energy Application in Accident Reconstruction, Las Vegas, NV, 2001 California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Back to Basics: Energy and Vehicle Crush Applications — The Do's and Don'ts, Concord, CA, 2001 California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Time-Distance Review and Using PowerPoint for Presenting Time-Distance Analysis in the Courtroom, Anaheim, CA, 2003 Orange County Sheriff's Office MAIT Team, Conservation of Momentum and Energy Reviewed; Varied Methodologies for Calculating Impact Speed From Crush, Aliso Viejo, CA, 2003 ARC-CSI Crash Conference, Crush: Mass Reduction Factor and Delta-V; Las Vegas, NV, 2003 California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Momentum Review: Using Momentum to Calculate impact Speed, Anaheim, CA, 2004 California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Case Study: Speed, Time and Distance Analysis plus Human Factors and Analysis of Driver Line of Sight for a Fire Engine versus Auto Crash while Fire Engine responding Code-3 to a Building Fire; Temecula, CA, 2005 California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Two Case Studies; Momentum Analysis: The Left Turning Vehicle, and Momentum Analysis: The Broadside Impact; Lake Tahoe, CA, 2006 City of San Francisco, Assistant City Attorneys and Investigators, Basic Accident Investigation Techniques, San Francisco, CA 2007 California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists, Projectile Motion: Calculating Speed at Lift-off; Long Beach, CA, 2007 Washoe County Sheriff's Department, Nevada, Basic Motion Analysis, Projectile Motion Analysis, Human Factors, Momentum Analysis, and Tire Friction Marks, Reno, NV, 2014 PUBLICATIONS AND SELECTED PAPERS Traffic Collision Investigation Manual for Contract Cities, Contra Costa County Sheriffs Department, 1985 Concepts of Traffic Collision Reporting: A Study of the Cost, the Administration, the Extent of Investigation, and the Goals and Objectives Necessary for a Reporting Policy, Lafayette Police Department, 1985 A Review of Mathematics For Accident Investigation Students, Los Medanos College, 1994 A Review of Basic Physics For Accident investigation Students, Los Medanos College, 1992 Derivations of Equations For Accident investigation Students, Los Medanos College, 1992 The Analysis” of -injury-Potential-in- Low Speed impact -Gollisions,-Northem-California. Fraud Investigators Annual Conference, Rohnert Park, 1995 Traffic Accident Investigation Reconstruction Level 1: Mathematics and Physics, Conservation of Energy, Conservation of Linear Momentum, Speed from Damage, Vehicle and Occupant Kinematics, Student Text Book formerly for Los Medanos College and currently for the Office of the Sheriff of Contra Costa County, published by West Coast Accident Reconstruction Equipment and Education products, 1997, 2004 and 2005 Principles of Low Speed impact Investigations, University of California at Riverside, Student Text Book, 1998 The Crush Guidebook: The Practical Application of Crush, Annual Conference - Forensic Accident Reconstructionists of Oregon, Participant Resource Book, 1999 Rupy DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Graeagle, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN: 94-1775926 CV-02/2015 Page 11CURRICULUM VITAE OF RUDY DEGGER, ACTAR The Application of Momentum and Energy Principles in Motor Vehicle Accidents, Skidmarks, Summer 1999, Volume 6, California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists Newton's Laws of Motion, Skidmarks, Summer 2001, Volume 14, California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists Calculating Velocity from Critical Speed Scuffs, Skidmarks, Fall issue 2002, Volume 19, California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists Calculating Impact Speeds Using Conservation of Energy, Skidmarks, Fall 2002, Volume 19, California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists Drag Factor: Three Techniques for Calculating the Drag Factor When Brake Force at Each Wheel is Unequal, Skidmarks, 2003, Volume 20, California Association of Accident Reconstruction Specialists Traffic Accident investigation, intermediate Level (Volume 1 of the Traffic Accident Investigation & Reconstruction Educational Series): Mathematics and Physics Review, Speed Estimation Concepts, Drag Factor and Coefficient of Friction, Formulae Derivations, Irregular Braking, Tire Mark Measurement, Documentation, Definition and Identification, Skids Testing Data, and Application, Student Text Book formerly for Los Medanos College and currently for the Office of the Sheriff Contra Costa County, published by West Coast Accident Reconstruction Equipment and Education products, 2003 COMPUTER SOFTWARE Accident Reconstruction Calculator (ARC) for Windows 9x.x, NT, XP and Vista; ©1998, ©1999 ©2000. Designed and developed in conjunction with Sandoz Systems Solutions. Marketed and distributed under West Coast Accident Reconstruction Equipment (We.C.A.R.E. ™). RECONSTRUCTION TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT DBD Crush Jig™ designed for measuring the crush on a damaged motor vehicle and for additional photographic evidence to illustrate the vehicle damage profile in high-speed impacts. Designed and developed in conjunction with Kerry A. Berg & Associates, Inc. Marketed and distributed under West Coast Accident Reconstruction Equipment (We.C.A.R.E. ™). PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS Accreditation Commission for Traffic Accident Reconstruction Society of Automotive Engineers (S.A.E.) California Association of Accident Reconstructionist Specialists (C‘A*.R.S.) - Founding Board Member, April 13, 1998; ACTAR Governing Board of Directors 1999-2007 Society of Accident Reconstructionists (S.0.A.R.) National Association of Professional Accident Reconstruction Specialists (N.A.P.A.R.S.) Southwestern Association of Technical Accident Investigators (S.A.T.A.I.) Northern California Fraud Investigators Association (N.C.F.1.A.) Washington Association of Technical Accident Investigators (W.A.T.A.I.) RupY DEGGER & ASSOCIATES, INC. Northeast California San Francisco Bay Area PO Box 1647 25 Crescent Drive, Suite 414 Graeagie, CA 96103 Pleasant Hill, CA 94523 EIN: 91-1775926 CV-02/2015 Page 12