Ultrahazardous Activities

“The theory of imposition of strict liability for ultrahazardous activity is that the danger cannot be eliminated through the use of care . . . Where the activity is dangerous only if insufficient care is exercised, ordinary rules of fault are sufficient for allocation of the risk. There is no need for liability without proof of fault, because definitionally if there is damage it will have resulted from negligence and will be compensable.” (Edwards v. Post Transportation Co. (1991) 228 Cal.App.3d 980, 987.)

Elements

Strict liability may be imposed on one who:

  1. carries on ultrahazardous activity that
  2. proximately causes damage to another.

(Edwards v. Post Transportation Co. (1991) 228 Cal.App.3d 980, 983.)

Factors for Determining “Ultrahazardous”

“An activity is ultrahazardous if it

  1. necessarily involves a risk of serious harm to the person, land or chattels of others which cannot be eliminated by the exercise of the utmost care, and
  2. is not a matter of common usage.”

(Edwards v. Post Transportation Co. (1991) 228 Cal.App.3d 980, 983.)

Factors bearing on whether an activity is ultrahazardous are:

  1. existence of a high degree of risk of some harm to the person or property of others;
  2. likelihood that harm from the activity will be great;
  3. inability to eliminate the risk by the exercise of reasonable care;
  4. extent to which the activity is not a matter of common usage;
  5. inappropriateness of the activity to the place where it is carried on; and
  6. extent to which the value of the activity to the community is outweighed by its dangerous attributes.

(Edwards, supra, 228 Cal.App.3d at p. 985.)

An activity is a matter of “common usage” if customarily carried on by the great mass of mankind or by many people in the community. (Ahrens v. Superior Court (1988) 197 Cal.App.3d 1134, 1143.)

Examples of ultrahazardous activities include using hydrocyanic acid gas in fumigating commercial buildings (Luthringer, supra, 31 Cal.2d at p. 498), test-firing a large, solid-fuel rocket motor (Smith v. Lockheed Propulsion Co. (1967) 247 Cal.App.2d 774, 785), oil well drilling (Green v. General Petroleum Corp. (1928) 205 Cal. 328), and using explosives in the vicinity of a residential area (Balding v. D.B. Stutsman, Inc. (1966) 246 Cal.App.2d 559, 564).

Whether an activity is “ultrahazardous” for strict liability purposes is a question of law for the court to decide. (Luthringer v. Moore (1948) 31 Cal.2d 489, 496.)

Useful Resources for Ultrahazardous Activities

Recent Documents on Ultrahazardous Activities

1-25 of 319 results

Opposition to Motion

George P. Rodarakis, SBN 222214 Brandy L. Barnes, SBN 299080 RODARAKIS & SOUSA, APC 100 Sycamore Ave., Ste. 101 Modesto, CA 95354 Telephone: (209) 554 5232 Facsimile: (209) 544 1085 Attorneys for Plaintiff STEVEN ALVERNAZ ...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 65812944) FILED BY DEFENDANT SCOTT...

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 a i “4 12 Be g: 13 a< oy 14 Mz 15 Se < 16 = oO 17 n 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1076 48567 4848-8887-21 RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] SUZANNE E. RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP 33 New Montgomery, Sixth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105-4537 Telephone: 415.979.0400 Facsimile: 415.979.2099 Attorneys for Defendant SCOTT CO. OF CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO — UNLIMITED JURISDI...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 65761362) FILED BY DEFENDANT SCOTT...

Selman Breitman LLP 176 48396 4821-1955-241 ATTORNEYS AT LAW Coe YN DA A RB BN | we Mw NY KY NY N NN KN Se ee ee Be se Be Se eS oa A A BF OoNH |= SGC we NIN DH BF BN S OS RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] SUZANNE E. RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP 33 New Montgomery, Sixth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105-4537 Telephone: 415.979.0400 Facsimile: 415.979.2099 Attorneys for Defendant SCOTT CO. OF CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT O...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 65756216) FILED BY DEFENDANT FLUOR...

LAW OFFICES, BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL LLP Carmen Santana (SBN 193511) [email protected] Taylor M. Matsumoto (SBN 302932) [email protected] Giorgio O. Panagos (SBN 325892) [email protected] 515 South Figueroa Street, Suite 1500 Los Angeles, California 90071 Telephone: (213) 955-1150 Facsimile: (213) 955-1155 Attorneys for Defendant FLUOR CORPORATION SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO RITA CARUSO and ROB...

Memorandum of Points and Authorities (in Support of Motion) filed.

DOWNEY BRA* DOWNEY BRA LP ELIZABETH B.S ARD (SBN 221445, [email protected] m ?1 Capitol Mall, 18" -amento, California $ sone: 916,444,100 Fe he: 916.444.2100 Atton, + Defendant PERSO. *AFETY TRAINING + Sy sPerior COURTG. > STATEOF CALIF. A y% COUNTY OF *AMENTO. Ka COOKE, Case. -2019-00262339 Plaintiff, 2, MEMOK IM OF POINTS AL 2 AUTHOR} *N SUPPORT OF v. sb DEFENDAN. SOTION TO STRIK y% STRICT LIAB. (CLAIM PERSONAL 8. *Y TRAINING, INCORPORATE ‘DOES | to 100, Date: duly 16, . sme:...

ANSWER TO 1ST AMENDED COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 65659390) FILED BY DEF...

RICHARD D. SBN [email protected] SELMAN REITMAN ew ontgomery, ixth Floor San Francisco, 94105-4537 Telephone: 979.0400 Facsimile: 979.2099 Attorneysfor efendant SCOTT ...

ANSWER TO 1ST AMENDED COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64794487) FILED BY DEF...

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 = ll 4 12 ae a: 13 a< oe 14 7 me 15 ae E < 16 Oo 17 n 18 19 20 2 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1076 47578 4824-0937-08| RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] SUZANNE E. RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP 33 New Montgomery, Sixth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105-4537 Telephone: 415.979.0400 Facsimile: 415.979.2099 Attorneys for Defendant SCOTT CO. OF CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO - UNLIMITED ...

Reply to Opposition (to Demurrer) filed.

10 12 13 16 17 18 19 20 23 24 25 26 FILED. "AX Lane E. Webb (2 ar No. 144671) Richard L. Hyde (~ ar No. 286023) = neh 7 Nick T. Zwarg (State 'o. 319763) FILED/END. ED YNBERG & WATh APC West F. Street, 4" Fi. ‘ego, California 9210 MAR -3 2020 Te re: (619) 814-2169 ed Facs (619) 356-4968 “EMoging_——_—_— E-mai. [email protected] By. Deputy Cath ‘[email protected] [email protected] Attomeys for i a ‘ant, EMPIRE CARP. RLIFORNIA LP % SUPERIOk & RT OF CALIFORN ‘OUNTY OF SACR. 'TO YRDON D. SCHABL ...

TOXIC TORT/ENVIRONMENT, COMPLAINT FILED BY PLAINTIFF CITY OF MODESTO AS ...

SUM-100 SUMMONS FOR COURT USE ONLY (CITACION JUDICIAL) {S0L0 PARA USO DELA CORTE) NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: (AVISO AL DEMANDADO): SHELL OIL COMPANY, individually, and dba SHELL CHEMICAL COMPANY; [Additional Parties Attachment Form is Attached) YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: (LO ESTA DEMANDANDO EL DEMANDANTE): CITY OF MODESTO NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless you respond within 30 days. Read the information below. You have 30 CAL...

NOTICE OF REMOVAL (TRANSACTION ID # 200007803) FILED BY OTHER UNITED STA...

JOSEPH H. HUNT Assistant Attorney General ELECTRONICALLY J. PATRICK GLYNN F I L E D Director, Torts Branch Superior Court of California, ...

QUIET TITLE - REAL PROPERTY, COMPLAINT FILED BY PLAINTIFF YUZGEC, GULHAN...

SUM-100 SUMMONS FOR COURT USE ONLY (CITACION JUDICIAL) NPN AED NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: , {AVISO AL DEMANDADO): PATRICE RACKO, PATRICE RACKO LIVING TRUST, JOSHUA RACKO, MARGUERITE HEISER, and DOES 1 to 20, inclusive, YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: (LO ESTA DEMANDANDO EL DEMANDANTE): Gulhan Yuzgec NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless you respond within 30 days. Read the information below. You have 30 CALENDAR DAYS after t...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64735859) FILED BY DEFENDANT SCOTT...

Som IN DH BF WY Selman Breitman LLP ATTORNEYS AT LAW Nn N N No N N N N NO — _ — — — — e — _ — oo ~ an an - WwW N — Oo oO oo ~~ n nA - Ww N — 1076 47317 4812-3433-81] RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] SUZANNE E, RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP 33 New Montgomery, Sixth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105-4537 Telephone: 415.979.0400 Facsimile: 415.979.2099 Attorneys for Defendant SCOTT CO, OF CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA C...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT FILED BY DEFENDANT FLUOR CORPORATION

oe ND AW RF WN Ke} 10 Wl 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 [BATE ID) 24 25 26 27 28 LAW OFFICES BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL LLP RIL Carmen Santana (SBN 193511) Super ‘our f. uty 03 alah YA [email protected] t San Fran Robert H. Berkes (SBN 70152) FEB 0 7 2020 [email protected] law.com Ryan C, Kujawski (SBN 226873) Ck LER! [email protected] Bys Taylor M. Matsumoto (SBN 302932) [email protected] 515 South Figueroa Street, Suite 1500 Los Ang...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT FILED BY DEFENDANT FLUOR CORPORATION

oe ND AW RF WN Ke} 10 Wl 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 [BATE ID) 24 25 26 27 28 LAW OFFICES BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL LLP RIL Carmen Santana (SBN 193511) Super ‘our f. uty 03 alah YA [email protected] t San Fran Robert H. Berkes (SBN 70152) FEB 0 7 2020 [email protected] law.com Ryan C, Kujawski (SBN 226873) Ck LER! [email protected] Bys Taylor M. Matsumoto (SBN 302932) [email protected] 515 South Figueroa Street, Suite 1500 Los Ang...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64682403) FILED BY DEFENDANT FLUOR...

i 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 LAW OFFICES, BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL LLP Carmen Santana (SBN 193511) [email protected] Robert H. Berkes (SBN 70152) [email protected] Rebecca A. Bellow (SBN 293360) [email protected] Giorgio O. Panagos (SBN 325892) [email protected] 515 South Figueroa Street, Suite 1500 Los Angeles, California 90071 Telephone: (213) 955-1150 Facsimile: (213) 955-1155 Attorneys for Defendant FLUOR CORP...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64676273) FILED BY DEFENDANT SCOTT...

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 S ml Hw < 12 Sz ga 13 a og 14 Oz 15 a < 16 £ oO 17 n 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1076 47250 4851-9277-27] RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] SUZANNE E. RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP 33 New Montgomery, Sixth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105-4537 Telephone: 415.979.0400 Facsimile: 415.979.2099 Attorneys for Defendant SCOTT CO. OF CALIFORNIA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO - UN...

TOXIC TORT/ENVIRONMENT, COMPLAINT FILED BY PLAINTIFF SAMPLE, FELITA TREA...

SUM-100 ONE po AS Bag (CITACION JUDICIAL) NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: (AVISO-AL DEMANDADO): TREASURE ISLAND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY; TREASURE ISLAND HOMELESS DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE; SHAW ENVIRONMENTAL; JIM SULLIVAN, DAVID CLARK, YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: (LO ESTA DEMANDANDO EL DEMANDANTE): Andre Patterson, Falita Sample, Including All Parties Listed Herein, and Doe Plaintiffs 1- 2,000 NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you withoit your being heard unless you respond ...

MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT ATHLETA, IN...

HANSON BRIDGETT LLP SHANNON M. NESSIER, SBN 267644 [email protected] GEOFFREY R. PITTMAN, SBN 253876 [email protected] 425 Market Street, 26th Floor San Francisco, California 94105 Telephone: (415) 777 Facsimile: (415) 541 ...

MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT ATHLETA, IN...

1 HANSON BRIDGETT LLP SHANNON M. NESSIER, SBN 267644 2 [email protected] ELECTRONICALLY GEOFFREY R. PITTMAN, SBN 253876 3 [email protected]tt.com F I L E D ...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64549281) FILED BY DEFENDANT SCOTT...

RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] SUZANNE E. RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP 33 New Montgomery, Sixth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105 Telephone: 415.979.0400 Facsimile: 415.979.2099 ...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64549281) FILED BY DEFENDANT SCOTT...

1 RICHARD D. DUMONT (SBN 107967) [email protected] 2 SUZANNE E. RISCHMAN (SBN CA 124421) ELECTRONICALLY [email protected] 3 SELMAN BREITMAN LLP F I L E D ...

FRAUD, COMPLAINT FILED BY PLAINTIFF HUERTA-OLIVIER, ALFONSO GARCIA-INIGU...

SUM-100 SUMMONS FOR COURT USE ONLY se >ARA (CITACION JUDICIAL) oR REST NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: aia a (AVISO AL DEMANDADO): LEMANY LLC, a California Lim! ‘ Sonoee: JACK TSENG, VIKING SERVICES CORPORATION, a California Corporation, QUANG SAU, and DOES 1 to 20, inclusive, YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: (LO ESTA DEMANDANDO EL DEMANDANTE): Alfonso Huerta-Olivier and Guadalupe Garcia-Iniguez NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless yo...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64450895) FILED BY DEFENDANT HOFFM...

1 MARK A. LOVE (SBN 162028) [email protected] 2 RICHARD M. LEE (SBN CA 187694) ELECTRONICALLY [email protected] ]man.law.com 3 SELMAN BREI MAN LLP F I L E D ...

DECLARATION OF RICHARD M. LEE IN SUPPORT OF EX PARTE APPLICATION FOR AN ...

1 MARK A. LOVE (SBN 162028) [email protected] 2 RI HARD M. LEE (SBN 187694) ELECTRONICALLY 3 [email protected] SELMAN BREITMAN LLP F I...

ANSWER TO COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 64427525) FILED BY DEFENDANT FLUOR...

1 BERKES CRANE ROBINSON & SEAL LLP Carmen Santana(SBN 193511) 2 [email protected],cor n ELECTRONICALLY 3 Robert H. Berkes(SBN 70152) rberkes( &bcrslaw.corn F I L E D ...

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