What is Primary Assumption of Risk?

“Primary assumption of risk arises where a plaintiff voluntarily participates in an activity or sport involving certain inherent risks; primary assumption of risk... bar[s] recovery because no duty of care is owed as to such risks.” Connelly v. Mammoth Mountain Ski Area (1995) 39 Cal.App.4th 8, 11.

“Primary assumption of the risk is an objective test. It does not depend on a particular plaintiff’s subjective knowledge or appreciation of the potential for risk.... Whether a duty exists ‘does not turn on the reasonableness or unreasonableness of the plaintiff’s conduct, but rather on:

  1. the nature of the activity or sport in which the defendant is engaged and
  2. the relationship of the defendant and the plaintiff to that activity or sport.’

If a duty is found not to exist, primary assumption of risk applies, and a defendant is liable only if he intentionally injures the plaintiff or engages in conduct so reckless as to be totally outside the range of the ordinary activity involved in the sport or activity.” Saville v. Sierra College (2005) 133 Cal.App.4th 857, 866, citing Knight v. Jewett (1992) 3 Cal.4th 296, 313).

The doctrine of primary assumption of risk applies “where ‘conditions or conduct that otherwise might be viewed as dangerous often are an integral part of the sport [or activity] itself.’” Saville, supra, at 867. “Although the doctrine is often applied as between sports co-participants, it defines the duty owed as between persons engaged in any activity involving inherent risks. The doctrine applies to activity ‘done for enjoyment or thrill, requires physical exertion as well as elements of skill, and involves a challenge containing a potential risk of injury’....” Jimenez v. Roseville City School Dist. (2016) 247 Cal.App.4th 594, 601 (citations omitted); see also Bertsch v. Mammoth Community Water Dist. (2016) 247 Cal.App.4th 1201, 1208 (“These factors certainly apply to skateboarding”).

There is also a duty not to unreasonably increase the risks of injury to participants beyond those inherent in the activity. Nalwa v. Cedar Fair, L.P. (2012) 55 Cal.4th 1148, 1162.

Useful Resources for Primary Assumption of Risk

Documents on Primary Assumption of Risk

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Motion filed - Motion in Limine No. 7 to Exclude affirmative defense on ...

CHRISTOPHER T AUMAIS, State No. 249901 MAD!, State Bar No. 299029 Los Angeles, California 90017 (213) 977-0211 Facsimile: (213) 481-1554 STUART R. CH SBN: 088969 761 East Locust C

Motion filed - Motion in Limine No. 7 to Exclude affirmative defense on ...

CHRISTOPHER T AUMAIS, State No. 249901 MAD!, State Bar No. 299029 Los Angeles, California 90017 (213) 977-0211 Facsimile: (213) 481-1554 STUART R. CH SBN: 088969 761 East Locust C

MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF 24 HOUR FITNESS USA, ...

LAW OFFICES OF PRINDLE, GOETZ, BARNES & REINHOLTZ LLP PRINDLE, GOETZ, BARNES & REINHOLTZ LLP Jack C. Nick, Esq. (Bar No. 160196) R. Derek Classen, Esq. (Bar No. 162805) 310 Golden Shore, Fourth Floor Long Beach, California 90802 Telephone: (562) 436-3946 Facsimile: (562) 495-0564 [email protected] ¢ [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant, Cross-Defendant and Cross- ELECTRONICALLY FILED Superior Court of California, County of San Francisco 11/13/2017 Clerk of the Court BY:RO

State of California, Department of Transportation's Motion for Summary J...

om NDA PB YW NHN Rw NN NN NY BS Boe Se ew Se eB Re Se RPNRRRBBEEBE SSR A AREER S mA | JEANNE SCHERER, Chief Counsel. - LAUREN A. MACHADO, Deputy Chief Counsel uv DEC - oA PH 3: Sle DOUGLAS L. JOHNSON, Assistant Chief Counsel JIDI WONG, Bar No. 214010 1120 N Street (MS 57), P.O. Box 1438 Sacramento, CA 95812-1438 Telephone: (916) 654-2630 Facsimile: (916) 654-6128 NO FEE PURSUANT TO . CODE §6103 Attorneys for State of California by and through the Department of Transportation SU

Minutes - Civil -

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF PLACER Date: 5 2018 Time: 8:30 AM Judge: M. od“aie Dept:[email protected] Fo Reporter: Leigh Ann ( 0zO Clerk: K. Gates 20

Opinion/ Decision/ Order on Appeal received.

(JUN 2 4 2018 Court of Appeal, Third Appellate District Deena C. Fawcett, ClerkjAdministrator Electronically FILED on 6/22/2016 by A. Kenner, Deputy Clerk OT TO BE PUBLISHED California Rules of Court, rule 8.1115(a), prohibits courts and ies from citing or relying on opinions not certified for i publication or ordered published, except as 5 pppeitied by rule Bah 1115(b). This opinion fas not been certified for publication or ordered published ter purposes of rule 8.114 IN THE CO

Remittitur filed.

ee Court of Appeal, Third Appellate District Andrea K, Wallin-Rolunann, Clerk/Adntinistrator IN THE Electronically ISSUED on 8/23/2016 by A. Kenner, Deputy Clerk ‘ Court of Appeal of the State of California IN AND FOR THE THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT a Filed” AUG 2.5 20f§ ,——._ ROSA JUNQUEIBO POR LEE, () Plaintiff and Appellant, By v. SAN JOAQUIN DELTA COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT et al. Defendants and Respondents. C075234 San Joaquin County No. 39200900225139CUPOSTK REMITTITUR TO TRIAL COU

REPLY MEMO OF POINTS AND AUTH IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT ...

INIA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO Document Scanning Lead Sheet Aug-03-2012 3:01 pm Case Number: CGC-11-511091 Filing Date: Aug-03-2012 3:00 Filed by: ANNIE PASCUAL Juke Box: 001 Image: 03712089 REPLY SUSAN LOYE VS. ROYSTON, HANAMOTO, ALLEY & ABEY, CREEGAN + et al 001003712089 Instructions: Please place this sheet on top of the document to be scanned.eC Oe WD AN &e WY YN YP RNR YP YP BR KR KR KN YP Be Be Be Be eB Be Be ee oy A am FO YN &§ FS SC eT AM YY

Order Summary Judgment -

JEANNE SCHERER, Chief Counsel LAUREN A. MACHADO, Deputy Chief Counsel ERIN HOLBROOK, Assistant Chief Counsel All; OR 2019 STEVEN T. KELLY, Bar No. 290947 1120 N Street (MS 57), P.O. Box 1438 E ine Cl S

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of Motion for Summary Ju...

ec Oey DH me Rh BW N eS y NR Ye YP YP NY NY NY NY fF Be Be Be Se Se ee ee CWA A &F BN SF SF SE OW DH RB WwW NY Se S oN MICHAEL J. LEVANGIE, State Bar #160163 SHARON B. FUTERMAN, State Bar #124238 LEVANGIE LAW GROUP 2021 N Street Sacramento, CA 95811 Tel: (916) 443-4849 Fax: (916) 443-4855 sharon. [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant BEST BASS TOURNAMENTS Sa Jbnducizg, crea a tee se CLERK WS ¥ WA My FH, SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE

Tentative Ruling published.

Superior Court of California, County of San Joaquin Tentative Ruling Date: 09/13/2018 01:30 PM Case Number: STK-CV-UPI-2014-0008603 Michelle Kikuye Lau Iwamoto vs. Steven Gee Event: Motion for Summary Judgment Event Date: 09/14/2018 at 9:00 AM in Department 10C TENTATIVE

DECLARATION OF R. DEREK CLASSEN IN SUPPORT OF 24 HOUR FITNESS USA, INC.S...

1 || PRINDLE, GOETZ, BARNES & REINHOLTZ LLP Jack C. Nick, Esq. (Bar No. 160196) 2 || R. Derek Classen, Esq. (Bar No. 162805) ELECTRONICALLY 310 Golden Shore, Fourth Floor FILED 3 || Long Beach, California 90802 dale saan Telephone: (562) 436-3946 County of San Francisco 4 || Facsimile: (562) 495-0564 [email protected] eterna 5 || [email protected] BY:RONNIE OTERO 24HF-0273, Deputy Clerk 6 || Attorneys for Defendant, Cross-Defendant and Cross- Complainant, 24 HOUR FITNESS USA, INC.

Minutes - Civil -

4) SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF PLACER Date: August 6,2020 Time: 8:30 AM Judge: Charles D. Wachob Dept.:i ‘ Reporter: Clerk: la Tae, law KK Mh

Defendants Best Bass Tournaments' Reply in Support of Motion for Summary...

~- ea DA Hh FWY hy NY YP YN NN ND BH Be ee ee ee CoN Dn wh Fs WB NY KF SOD DO Oe HT KH He ke BD BP KF GS MICHAEL J. LEVANGIE, State Bar #160163 cure ELE? s rock Tor SHARON B. FUTERMAN, State Bar #124238 8 LEVANGIE LAW GROUP ong SEP -7 PH 2: at erence" con nO Fax: (916) 443-4855 Seutly, 2 te a DEPUTY : sharon. [email protected] Attomeys for Defendant BEST BASS TOURNAMENTS SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN MICHELLE KIKUYE LAU IWAMOTO, et al,| CASE NO

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support - OF MOTION FOR SUMMARY ...

1‘ 1 q)” ’ ' H JEFFERY C. LEVANGIE LAW LONG, State Bar# 226618 GROUP -

Opposition filed - Defendant, County of Fresno's, Memorandum of Points a...

1 DAVID M. OVERSTREET, IV, No. 103039 RACHELLE TAYLOR GOLDEN, No. 295385 2 OVERSTREET & ASSOCIATES A ttorneys At Law 3 1300 E. Shaw Avenue, Suite 125 E-FILED Fresno, CA 93710 10/31/2018 3:14 PM ____________

REMITTITUR AFFIRMED (A121539 DIV 4)

ACOA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO Document Scanning Lead Sheet Sep-30-2009 5:58 pm Case Number: CGC-06-455768 Filing Date: Sep-29-2009 5:56 Juke Box: 001 Image: 02632619 REMITTITUR ANTHONY BENINATI VS. BLACK ROC CITY, LLC et al 001002632619 Instructions: Please place this sheet on top of the document to be scanned.COURT OF APPEAL, FIRST APPELLATE DISTRICT 350 MCALLISTER STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94102 DIVISION 4 Office of the County Clerk San Francisco C

REMITTITUR AFFIRMED (A121539 DIV 4)

ACOA SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO Document Scanning Lead Sheet Sep-30-2009 5:58 pm Case Number: CGC-06-455768 Filing Date: Sep-29-2009 5:56 Juke Box: 001 Image: 02632619 REMITTITUR ANTHONY BENINATI VS. BLACK ROC CITY, LLC et al 001002632619 Instructions: Please place this sheet on top of the document to be scanned.COURT OF APPEAL, FIRST APPELLATE DISTRICT 350 MCALLISTER STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94102 DIVISION 4 Office of the County Clerk San Francisco C

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support o Plaintiff's Motion for...

227416 / Igv I DA WA FB WN 10 ie 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Joseph W. Carcione, Jr., Esq. (State Bar No, 56693) Gary W. Dolinski, Esq. (State Bar No. 107725) CARCIONE, CATTERMOLE, DOLINSKI, FILED STUCKY, MARKOWITZ & CARCIONE, L.L.P. ee 1300 South El Camino Real, Suite 300 te c P.O. Box 5429 : 16 HAY 18 AM & SI San Mateo, CA 94402 ROSA ElR0, Telephone: (650) 367-6811 ROSA JUNQUEIRO, CLERK Facsimile: (650) 367-0367 - By Attomeys for Plaintiff SUPERIOR COURT OF

State of California, Department of Transportation's Notice of Motion and...

» No -N te t t t ou em ND A SP WON IDA WF VN K— Ge wy A vA BP WwW HY JEANNE SCHERER, Chief Counsel hie : FI LE LAUREN A. MACHADO, Deputy Chief Counsel DOUGLAS L. JOHNSON, Assistant Chief Counsel - 17 DEC - x P i 3 3h JIDI WONG, Bar No. 214010 1120 N Street (MS 57), P.O. Box 1438 Sacramento, CA 95812-1438 Telephone: (916) 654-2630 Facsimile: (916) 654-6128 Attorneys for State of California by and through the Department of Transportation SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF S

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of its Motion for Summar...

oon oan pA oO WY byw YH BB we we we PW eB He Jacob D. Flesher, SBN: 210565 Jason W. Schaff, SBN: 244285 Jeremy J. Schroeder, SBN: 223118 FLESHER SCHAFF & SCHROEDER, INC. 2202 Plaza Drive Rocklin, CA 95765 ORIGINAL FILED RIOR CouRy OUND 22 Py 2. 9) SUPE, ROSA JUNQUEIRO, CLERK A Morracd-Secases Telephone: (916) 672-6558 Facsimile: (916) 672-6602 Attorneys for defendant, BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN eK IMICHELLE KIKUYE LAU IWAMOT

Trial brief filed

ARTHUR J. COLIN G. ROBINSON CASEY MCCARTHY & WOOD, [SBN. 123273] [SBN. INC.

Trial brief filed

ARTHUR J. COLIN G. ROBINSON CASEY MCCARTHY & WOOD, [SBN. 123273] [SBN. INC.

Trial brief filed

ARTHUR J. COLIN G. ROBINSON CASEY MCCARTHY & WOOD, [SBN. 123273] [SBN. INC.

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