What is Failure to Prevent Discrimination and Harassment?

Failure to take all reasonable steps necessary to prevent discrimination and harassment is a “separate actionable tort enforceable upon the establishment of the usual tort elements of duty of care, breach of duty (a negligent act or omission), causation, and damages.” Dickson v. Burke Williams, Inc. (2015) 234 Cal. App. 4th 1307, 1313.

The Fair Employment and Housing Act (“FEHA”) makes it unlawful for an employer “to fail to take all reasonable steps necessary to prevent discrimination and harassment from occurring.” Govt. Code § 12940(k); Scotch v. Art Inst. of California-Orange Cnty., Inc. (2009) 173 Cal.App.4th 986, 1003 (citing the old Govt. Code § 12940(h)). Reasonable steps necessary to prevent discrimination include prompt investigation of discrimination claims, establishment and promulgation of antidiscrimination policies, and implementation of effective procedures to handle discrimination complaints. Cal. Fair Employment and Housing Commission v. Gemini Alum. Corp. (2004) 122 Cal.App.4th 1004, 1024-1025.

A claim of failure to prevent FEHA violations must be predicated on an actionable claim of those violations, such as discrimination or harassment. Trujillo v. N. Cty. Transit Dist. (1998) 63 Cal. App. 4th 280, 289; Scotch v. Art Institute of Cal. (2009) 173 Cal.App.4th 986, 1021 (“the ‘Failure to Maintain’ cause of action can survive only if a ‘Retaliation’ cause of action survives.”). “There’s no logic that says an employee who has not been discriminated against can sue an employer for not preventing discrimination that didn’t happen, for not having a policy to prevent discrimination when no discrimination occurred. Employers should not be held liable to employees for failure to take necessary steps to prevent such conduct, except where the actions took place and were not prevented.” Trujillo v. N. Cty. Transit Dist. (1998) 63 Cal.App.4th 280, 289 (citations and quotation omitted).

The elements of a claim for failure to prevent harassment, discrimination, or retaliation. To succeed on this claim, plaintiff must prove that:

  1. she was an employee of defendant;
  2. she was subjected to harassment, discrimination, or retaliation in the course of employment;
  3. defendant failed to take all reasonable steps to prevent the harassment, discrimination, or retaliation;
  4. she was harmed; and
  5. defendant’s failure to take preventative steps was a substantial factor in causing the harm

CACI No. 2527; see also BAJI 12.11 (the elements of a cause of action for Failure to Prevent Discrimination are: (i) Plaintiff was subjected to discrimination; (ii) Defendant failed to take all reasonable steps to prevent discrimination; and (iii) This failure caused plaintiff to suffer injury, damage, loss or harm); Lelaind v. City and County of San Francisco (N.D. Cal. 2008) 576 F.Supp.2d 1079, 1103.

Useful Resources for Failure to Prevent Discrimination and Harassment in Violation of FEHA

Recent Documents on Failure to Prevent Discrimination and Harassment in Violation of FEHA

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Notice of Settlement of Entire Case - Status Conference

request for the date 1b the date O2 scheduled hearing

Order Show Cause Re: Dismissal

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF MERCED Reserved for Clerk ’3 File Stamp 627 West 21st Street F ED Merced, CA 95340 Merced County Superior Court (209) 725-4111 08/29/2016 ...

Notice Request for Dismissal/Conditional - Case Management Conference

O O 1775 Concord Ave Superior Court of California Chico CA 95928 County of Butte Civil ...

Ruling - Order to Show Cause in re: Dismissal

Superior Court of California County of Kern Bakersfield Department 12 Date: 03/08/2017 _ Time: 12:30 PM . ...

Order to Show Cause in re: Dismissal - PURSUANT TO CALIFORNIA RULE OF CO...

Superior Court of California County of Kern Bakersfield Department 12 Date: 10/27/2017 Time: 3:00 PM ...

Ruling - Order to Show Cause in re: Dismissal

Superior Court of California County of Kern Bakersfield Department 12 Date: 10/27/2017 Time: 3:00 PM ...

Conditional Settlement - Status Conference

CM-200 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address) |_Ghrstopher B. Mandarich SB 220083: s Ainy Marshall SB961601; Amber Swearingen-Ojuri $B324689; David C. McGaffey SB315632; MANDARICH LAW GROUP, LLP. P 0 Box 109032 Chicago, IL 60610, TELEPHONE NO 877.285 4918 FAX NO. 818 888 1260 E-MAIL ADDRESS (Optional) ATTORNEY FOR (Name)* Cavalry SPV I, LLC SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OFBUTTE STREET ADDRESS’ 1775 CONCORD AVE. MAILING ADDRESS: cITy AND zip ...

Request for Dismissal/Unconditional - Status Conference

1775 Concord Ave Superior Court of California Chico CA 95928 County of Butte Civil 530-5...

Order Approving Compromise of Disputed Claim - Status Conference

2/6/2019 .1ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUTATI'ORNEY (Name. SletaBernumber, and address): ’ FORCOURTUSE ONLY ...

Request for Dismissal/Conditional - Status Conference

. 1775 Concord Ave . _ Superlor Court of Callfornla Chico CA 95928 County of Butte ...

Plaintiff's Conditional Settlement - Status Conference

CM-200 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address): t-Terry A. Duree, Esq. SBN: 61008 GENTS Terry A. Duree, Inc. 622 Jackson St Fairfield, CA 94533 FF — Superior Court of Califomia__ = TELEPHONE No: 707-422-8933 FAX NO. (Optional): | County of Butte I E-MAIL ADDRESS (Optional): ATTORNEY FOR (Name):Kelsti Group, Inc. L L SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF BUTTE E E street appress: Chico Courthouse maine aopress: 1775 Concord Avenue D Ki Fiener, Clerk...

Order Show Cause Dismissal Re: Notice of Settlement

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF MERCED Reserved for Clerk’s File Stamp 627 W. 21st Street Merced CA 95340 209-725-4100 Capital One Bank (USA), N.A. vs Carrizales Marcos NOTICE OF Order Show Cause Dismissal Re: Notice of Case No. 18CV-00314 Settlement ...

Order Show Cause Dismissal Re: Notice of Settlement

SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF MERCED Reserved for Clerk’s File Stamp 627 W. 21st Street Merced CA 95340 209-725-4100 CSO Financial, Inc. vs Mariah Fryman NOTICE OF Order Show Cause Dismissal Re: Notice of Case No. 17CV-03915 Settlement ...

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