What is conversion?

Conversion Defined and Required Elements

“Conversion is the wrongful exercise of dominion over the property of another.” (Lee v. Hanley (2015) 61 Cal.4th 1225, 1240 citing Welco Electronics, Inc. v. Mora (2014) 223 Cal.App.4th 202, 208.)

“The elements of a conversion claim are:

  1. the plaintiff’s ownership or right to possession of the property;
  2. the defendant's conversion by a wrongful act or disposition of property rights; and
  3. damages.”

(Id.)

A cause of action for conversion requires allegations of plaintiff's ownership or right to possession of property;  defendant's wrongful act toward or disposition of the property, interfering with plaintiff's possession;  and damage to plaintiff.  (Burlesci v. Petersen (1998) 68 Cal.App.4th 1062, 1066, 80 Cal.Rptr.2d 704.)

Money as Basis for Conversion

“Money cannot be the subject of a cause of action for conversion unless there is a specific, identifiable sum involved, such as where an agent accepts a sum of money to be paid to another and fails to make the payment. (McKell v. Washington Mutual, Inc. (2006) 142 Cal.App.4th 1457, 1491, citing Fischer v. Machado (1996) 50 Cal.App.4th 1069, 1072–73.) By contrast, a “generalized claim for money [is] not actionable as conversion.” (Vu v. California Commerce Club, Inc. (1997) 58 Cal.App.4th 229, 235.) As long as there is a definite sum involved, however, “it is not necessary that each coin or bill be earmarked.” (Weiss v. Marcus (1975) 51 Cal.App.3d 590, 599, citing Haigler v. Donnelly (1941) 18 Cal.2d 674, 681.)

Thus, in Chazen v. Centennial Bank (1998) 61 Cal.App.4th 532, 543, 71 Cal.Rptr.2d 462, the plaintiffs stated a cause of action for conversion where the bank took funds from trust accounts to pay the trustee's personal indebtedness.

Breach of Bailment Action and Conversion

“In connection with the breach of bailment cause of action, [where] plaintiffs did not allege that defendants were holding their payments on behalf of another, in essence in trust for the third party vendors ...[and] Plaintiffs cite no authority for the proposition that a cause of action for conversion may be based on an overcharge....   [c]onsequently, they have failed to demonstrate that they have stated a cause of action for conversion.”  (McKell v. Washington Mutual, Inc. (2006) 142 Cal.App.4th 1457, 1491 citing City of Atascadero v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., supra, 68 Cal.App.4th at p. 459, 80 Cal.Rptr.2d 329;  Mansell v. Board of Administration, supra, 30 Cal.App.4th at pp. 545-546, 35 Cal.Rptr.2d 574.)

“Conversion also occurs when the defendant applies property to his or her own use.” (Oakdale Village Group, supra, 43 Cal.App.4th at p. 544.) Additionally, “[t]he unauthorized transfer of property constitutes a conversion.” (Welco Electronics, Inc. v. Mora (2014) 223 Cal.App.4th 202, 209.)

Useful Resources for Conversion

Recent Documents on Conversion

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Criminal: Minute Order - Proof: Community Service

Superior Court of California, County of Merced MINUTE ORDERS People of the State of California, Plaintiff(s) 16CR 04826 vs. 8:15 AM Proof: Community Service ...

Proof of Service of First Amended Summons and First Amended Complaint as...

ETERS, ABIB, ENNA, HODES ARDOZA, ATTORNEYS AT LAW 414 SALEM STREET – P.O. BOX 3509 CHICO, CALIFORNIA 95927 3509 TELEPHONE: (530) 342 3593 FACSIMILE: (530) 342 4272 LIA M. JUHL RHODES (State Bar No. 268816) Attorneys for Plaintiff MIRIAM NAJOLIA ...

Criminal: Minute Order - Proof: Community Service

Superior Court of California, County of Merced MINUTE ORDERS People of the State of California, Plaintiff(s) 19CR 03800 vs. 8:15 AM Proof: Community Service ...

Plaintiff's Case Management Statement - Case Management Conference

ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address) FOR COURT USE ONLY Robert A. Curtbirth 131279 Gregory T. Fayard 212930 FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP 1013 Galleria Blvd., Suite 250 Roseville, CA 95678 TELEPHONE NO.: 472 3300 FAX NO. (Optional) MAIL ADDRESS (Optional) Berry Creek Guild ATTORNE...

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CM-110 ‘ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address} 9993, FOR COURT USE ONLY Richard A. Solomon, Esq. Solomon Grindle Lidstad & Wintringer, APC. 11682 El Camino Real, Suite 250, San Diego, California 92130 TELEPHONE NO: (858) 793-8500 FAX NO. (Optional): (8580 793-8263 E-MAIL ADDRESS (Optiona)): [email protected] ATTORNEY FOR (Name): Plaintiff, Hitachi Capital America Corp. SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF Fresno. street aporess: 1130 O Street MAILIN...

Case Management Statement Filed - Case Management Statement

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LEWIS BRISBOIS BISGAARD & SMITH LLP GREG L. JOHNSON, SB# 132397 E-Mail: [email protected] TIMOTHY J. NALLY, SB# 288728 E-Mail: [email protected] 2020 West El Camino Avenue, Suite 700 Sacramento, California 95833 Telephone: 916.564.5400 Fac...

Opposition filed - Bank of Stockton's Oppositon To Plaintiffs' Statement...

LEWIS BRISBOIS BISGAARD & SMITH LLP GREG L. JOHNSON, SB# 132397 E-Mail: [email protected] TIMOTHY J. NALLY, SB# 288728 E-Mail: [email protected] 2020 West El Camino Avenue, Suite 700 Sacramento, California 95833 Telephone: 916.564.5400 Fac...

Defendant's Case Management Statement - Case Management Statement

ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address) FOR COURT USE ONLY Robert A. Curtbirth 131279 Gregory T. Fayard 212930 FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP 1013 Galleria Blvd., Suite 250 Roseville, CA 95678 TELEPHONE NO.: 472 3300 FAX NO. (Optional) MAIL ADDRESS (Optional) Berry Creek Guild ATTORNE...

Petition - STATUS - DISCOVERY

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF YOLO PROBATE MINUTE ORDER JUDGE: DANIEL M WOLK DATE: 12/15/2020 CASE NO: PR-2020-145 TITLE: MATTER OF DAVID LAWRENCE IDE REVOCABLE TRUST PROCEEDINGS: PETITION — Breach of Fiduciary Duties, Conversion, Constructive Trust, Unjust Enrichment, Promissory Estoppel, Confirmation of Trust Assets, and Removal of Trustee 4 Shatve £ > ‘Scpveny CLERK: Piper Noto APPEARANCES 11Present Prva \ and Lb. 2ZW/ByAttys: Ley Dan CrilAn 30Dep.Co.Counsel: * ...

Proposed Order - Order Received for Signature

[Exempt From Filing Fee Government Code § 6103] LAUREN D. LAYNE #273627 [email protected] DIANE E. CODERNIZ [email protected] JESSICA S. JOHNSON ...

REPLY MEMORANDUM OF AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS MOTION TO COMPE...

oem NIN HH BF WN Db NYY KH NY NN ND SB Be Be ee ee eB ol AA RB OoNH fF SOD we ADH BW YH KF Oo GEORGE . WOLFF (81126) LAW OFFICE OF GEORGE W. WOLFF 580 California Street, Suite 1236 San Francisco, CA 94104-1000 MAILING ADDRESS: P.O. Box 26749 San Francisco CA 94126-6749 Telepho: 415)788-1881 Telecopi 415)788-0880 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Defendants OLIVIER AUFFRET, VIRGINIE LECLAIR IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO U...

REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE IN SUPPORT OF DE...

co em ND WH FF BN NY N NY NY N N NDB NO we we ea ont A A Fw NH = SD we AR DH FB WN KF SO GEORGE W. WOLFF (81126) LAW OFFICE OF GEORGE W. WOLFF 580 California Street, Suite 1234/1236 San Francisco, CA 94104 MAILING ADDRESS: P.O. Box 26749 San Francisco CA 94126-6749 Telephone: (415)788-1881 ext. 222 Telecopier: (415)788-0880 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Defendants/Cross-Complainants OLIVIER AUFFRET and VIRGINIE ECLAIR IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND F...

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