What is conversion?

Conversion Defined and Required Elements

“Conversion is the wrongful exercise of dominion over the property of another.” (Lee v. Hanley (2015) 61 Cal.4th 1225, 1240 citing Welco Electronics, Inc. v. Mora (2014) 223 Cal.App.4th 202, 208.)

“The elements of a conversion claim are:

  1. the plaintiff’s ownership or right to possession of the property;
  2. the defendant's conversion by a wrongful act or disposition of property rights; and
  3. damages.”

(Id.)

A cause of action for conversion requires allegations of plaintiff's ownership or right to possession of property;  defendant's wrongful act toward or disposition of the property, interfering with plaintiff's possession;  and damage to plaintiff.  (Burlesci v. Petersen (1998) 68 Cal.App.4th 1062, 1066, 80 Cal.Rptr.2d 704.)

Money as Basis for Conversion

“Money cannot be the subject of a cause of action for conversion unless there is a specific, identifiable sum involved, such as where an agent accepts a sum of money to be paid to another and fails to make the payment. (McKell v. Washington Mutual, Inc. (2006) 142 Cal.App.4th 1457, 1491, citing Fischer v. Machado (1996) 50 Cal.App.4th 1069, 1072–73.) By contrast, a “generalized claim for money [is] not actionable as conversion.” (Vu v. California Commerce Club, Inc. (1997) 58 Cal.App.4th 229, 235.) As long as there is a definite sum involved, however, “it is not necessary that each coin or bill be earmarked.” (Weiss v. Marcus (1975) 51 Cal.App.3d 590, 599, citing Haigler v. Donnelly (1941) 18 Cal.2d 674, 681.)

Thus, in Chazen v. Centennial Bank (1998) 61 Cal.App.4th 532, 543, 71 Cal.Rptr.2d 462, the plaintiffs stated a cause of action for conversion where the bank took funds from trust accounts to pay the trustee's personal indebtedness.

Breach of Bailment Action and Conversion

“In connection with the breach of bailment cause of action, [where] plaintiffs did not allege that defendants were holding their payments on behalf of another, in essence in trust for the third party vendors ...[and] Plaintiffs cite no authority for the proposition that a cause of action for conversion may be based on an overcharge....   [c]onsequently, they have failed to demonstrate that they have stated a cause of action for conversion.”  (McKell v. Washington Mutual, Inc. (2006) 142 Cal.App.4th 1457, 1491 citing City of Atascadero v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., supra, 68 Cal.App.4th at p. 459, 80 Cal.Rptr.2d 329;  Mansell v. Board of Administration, supra, 30 Cal.App.4th at pp. 545-546, 35 Cal.Rptr.2d 574.)

“Conversion also occurs when the defendant applies property to his or her own use.” (Oakdale Village Group, supra, 43 Cal.App.4th at p. 544.) Additionally, “[t]he unauthorized transfer of property constitutes a conversion.” (Welco Electronics, Inc. v. Mora (2014) 223 Cal.App.4th 202, 209.)

Recent Documents

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PATRICIA SAVAGE, SBN 236235 ANGELA HOOPER, SBN (pending) LAW OFFICE OF PATRICIA A. SAVAGE 1550 Humboldt Road, Suite 4 Chico, CA 95928 809-1851 -3865 [email protected] Email: [email protected] Attorneys for

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PLD-C-001 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Noma, Stalo Bar numbor, and address): FOR COURT USE ONLY Alan L. Martini 77316 SHEUERMAN, MARTINI, TABARI, ZENERE & GARVIN 1033 Willow Street San Jose, CA 95125 ‘yereproneno: 408.288.9700 Faxnosoptionan: 408.295.9900 E-MAIL ADDRESS (Optional). [email protected] Electronically FILED ATTORNEY FOR(Wemoy Plaintiffs SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF SAN MATEO fy eupedter Courter Cemewes County ofan Maine streetappress: 400 County Cente

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oOo IN DH FF BW NY NN NY NY N N NN YD Hf SF FP FP FF FF Se SE SS oa AA BR BN KF SOD we IRD D WH FF YW NF SS GEORGE . WOLFF (81126) ILAW OFFICE OF GEORGE W. WOLFF 580 California Street, Suite 1236 San Francisco, CA 94104-1000 IM AILING ADDRESS: P.O. Box 26749 San Francisco CA 94126-6749 |Telephone: an 788-1881 Telecopier: (415)788-0880 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Defendants OLIVIER AUFFRET, VIRGINIE LECLAIR IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COU

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ORIGINAL 10 i 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 J. Brian McCauley (SBN 66762) FIELED A Professional Law Corporation Superior Court of California 591 Redwood Highway, Suite 4000 County of San Francisco Mill Valley, California 94941-3039 Telephone: (415)974-1515 MAR G§ 2021 [email protected] a F THE at Attorneys for Petitioners BY: ; George Loew, Joseph Mallon, Andrew Lusardi and Deputy Clerk Martin Miller BOWMAN LIU SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. COUNTY

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CM-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address): FOR COURT USE ONLY Jill L. Harris 276832 HARRIS CONSUMER LAW 1809 S Street #101-174 Sacramento, CA 95811 TELEPHONE NO.:(916) 572-9410

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A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION Martin N. Jensen, SBN 232231 Joceline M. Herman, SBN 310897 350 University Avenue, Suite 200 Sacramento, California 95825 TEL: 916.929.1481 FAX: 916.927.3706 Attorneys for Plaintiff CALIFORNIA STATE GRANGE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

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A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION Martin N. Jensen, SBN 232231 Joceline M. Herman, SBN 310897 350 University Avenue, Suite 200 Sacramento, California 95825 TEL: 916.929.1481 FAX: 916.927.3706 Attorneys for Plaintiff CALIFORNIA STATE GRANGE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

Separate Statement of Undisputed Material Facts in Support of Plaintiff'...

A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION Martin N. Jensen, SBN 232231 Joceline M. Herman, SBN 310897 350 University Avenue, Suite 200 Sacramento, California 95825 TEL: 916.929.1481 FAX: 916.927.3706 Attorneys for Plaintiff CALIFORNIA STATE GRANGE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

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Useful Examples
Recent Documents

1-25 of 10000 results

Complaint - Case Management Conference

PATRICIA SAVAGE, SBN 236235 ANGELA HOOPER, SBN (pending) LAW OFFICE OF PATRICIA A. SAVAGE 1550 Humboldt Road, Suite 4 Chico, CA 95928 809-1851 -3865 [email protected] Email: [email protected] Attorneys for

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FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP ROBERT A. CUTBIRTH (131279) [email protected] MICHELE C. KIRRANE (215448) [email protected] 44 Montgomery Street, Suite 3580 San Francisco, California (415) 627 9000; FAX: (213) 615 FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP GREGORY T. FAYARD

Defendant's Separate Statement of Material Facts in Support of Motion fo...

FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP ROBERT A. CUTBIRTH (131279) [email protected] MICHELE C. KIRRANE (215448) [email protected] 44 Montgomery Street, Suite 3580 San Francisco, California 94104 (415) 627 9000; FAX: (213) 615 FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP GREGORY T. FAYARD

Judgment Received - Forwarded to RA on 4/9/2021

[Exempt From Filing Fee Government Code § 6103] LAUREN D. LAYNE [email protected] DIANE E. CODERNIZ [email protected] JESSICA S. JOHNSON

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Complaint

PLD-C-001 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Noma, Stalo Bar numbor, and address): FOR COURT USE ONLY Alan L. Martini 77316 SHEUERMAN, MARTINI, TABARI, ZENERE & GARVIN 1033 Willow Street San Jose, CA 95125 ‘yereproneno: 408.288.9700 Faxnosoptionan: 408.295.9900 E-MAIL ADDRESS (Optional). [email protected] Electronically FILED ATTORNEY FOR(Wemoy Plaintiffs SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF SAN MATEO fy eupedter Courter Cemewes County ofan Maine streetappress: 400 County Cente

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oOo IN DH FF BW NY NN NY NY N N NN YD Hf SF FP FP FF FF Se SE SS oa AA BR BN KF SOD we IRD D WH FF YW NF SS GEORGE . WOLFF (81126) ILAW OFFICE OF GEORGE W. WOLFF 580 California Street, Suite 1236 San Francisco, CA 94104-1000 IM AILING ADDRESS: P.O. Box 26749 San Francisco CA 94126-6749 |Telephone: an 788-1881 Telecopier: (415)788-0880 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Defendants OLIVIER AUFFRET, VIRGINIE LECLAIR IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COU

DECLARATION OF LOPE YAP, JR. IN SUPPORT OF PETITION FOR WRIT OF MANDATE ...

= oo ON ODO oO FF WY DN Paul D. Scott, Esq. (SBN 145975) [email protected] . Lani Anne Remick, Esq. (SBN 189889) _ OF, y t L ED [email protected] . SSouny oi San Francisco Laurence H. Tribe. (SBN #39441) (Of counsel) : aps LAW OFFICES OF PAUL D. SCOTT, P.C.. MAR 18 2021 435 Pacific Avenue, Suite 200 ips Fi San Francisco, CA 94133 : CLERIGOF THE © UAT Tel: (415) 981-1212 . oo BY, lta cee Fax: (415) 981-1215 . ie Attorneys for Petitioners BOWMAN EY SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA *

Criminal: Minute Order - Modification

Superior Court of California, County of Merced MINUTE ORDERS People of the State of California, Plaintiff(s) 20CR 06012 vs. 8:30 AM Modification

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J. Brian McCauley (SBN 66762) A Professional Law Corporation 591 Redwood Highway, Suite 4000 F ft tL EK D Mill Valley, California 94941-3039 superior Court of California Telephone: (415)974-1515 County of San Francisco i a [email protected] war 5 2021 Attorneys for Petitioners George Loew, Joseph Mallon, Andrew Lusardi and oi THE Zz URT Martin Miller BY: Deputy Cler ROWMAN LIU SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO = ~ GEORGE LOEW, JOSEPH MALLON, HPF " ai 5 47

DECLARATION OF BRIAN MCCAULEY IN SUPPORT OF PETITION FOR ORDER COMPELLIN...

ORIGINAL 10 i 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 J. Brian McCauley (SBN 66762) FIELED A Professional Law Corporation Superior Court of California 591 Redwood Highway, Suite 4000 County of San Francisco Mill Valley, California 94941-3039 Telephone: (415)974-1515 MAR G§ 2021 [email protected] a F THE at Attorneys for Petitioners BY: ; George Loew, Joseph Mallon, Andrew Lusardi and Deputy Clerk Martin Miller BOWMAN LIU SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA. COUNTY

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CM-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address): FOR COURT USE ONLY Jill L. Harris 276832 HARRIS CONSUMER LAW 1809 S Street #101-174 Sacramento, CA 95811 TELEPHONE NO.:(916) 572-9410

Complaint - Civil Complaint filed

June D. Coleman (SBN 191890) MESSER STRICKLER, LTD. 5960 South Land Park Drive #1059 Sacramento, CA 95822 (916) 502 1768 Direct (312) 334 3475 Fax [email protected] Attorney for Plaintiff STOYANOV AND HYMAS, INC 1 LOCAL

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CM-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, Slate Bar number, and address) FOR COURT USE ONLY PAMELA L. COX/STATE BAR NO. 191883 HEMAR, ROUSSO & HEALD, LLP 15910 Ventura Blvd. 12th Floor Encino, CA 91436-2829 TevepHone no. (818) 501-3800 FAX NO. (Optiona): (818) 501-2985 E-MAIL ADDRESS (Optionay’ [email protected] ATTORNEY FOR (Name): ‘TRANSPORT FUNDING, LLC, a limited liability company SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF Fresno street aooress: 1130 O Street maiine aopress: P.O, Bo

Defendant's Separate Statement in Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion - Mot...

FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP ROBERT A. CUTBIRTH (131279) [email protected] MICHELE C. KIRRANE (215448) [email protected] 44 Montgomery Street, Suite 3580 San Francisco, California (415) 627 9000; FAX: (213) 615 FREEMAN MATHIS & GARY, LLP GREGORY T. FAYARD

Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment or in the Alternative - Motion f...

A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION Martin N. Jensen, SBN 232231 Joceline M. Herman, SBN 310897 350 University Avenue, Suite 200 Sacramento, California 95825 TEL: 916.929.1481 FAX: 916.927.3706 Attorneys for Plaintiff CALIFORNIA STATE GRANGE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of Plaintiff's Motion - ...

A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION Martin N. Jensen, SBN 232231 Joceline M. Herman, SBN 310897 350 University Avenue, Suite 200 Sacramento, California 95825 TEL: 916.929.1481 FAX: 916.927.3706 Attorneys for Plaintiff CALIFORNIA STATE GRANGE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

Separate Statement of Undisputed Material Facts in Support of Plaintiff'...

A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION Martin N. Jensen, SBN 232231 Joceline M. Herman, SBN 310897 350 University Avenue, Suite 200 Sacramento, California 95825 TEL: 916.929.1481 FAX: 916.927.3706 Attorneys for Plaintiff CALIFORNIA STATE GRANGE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 400     last » 

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