What is contract formation?

“Contract formation is governed by objective manifestations, not subjective intent of any individual involved.” Roth v. Malson (1998) 67 Cal. App. 4th 552. “The test is ‘what the outward manifestations of consent would lead a reasonable person to believe.’” Id.; see also, Guzman v. Visalia Community Bank (1999) 71 Cal.App.4th 1370, 1376-1377 (“the test of the true meaning of an acceptance or rejection is…what a reasonable person in the position of the parties would have thought it meant”)

A cause of action relating to contract formation addresses the presence or absence of each of the elements of a legally valid contract. The essential elements of a legally valid contract are:

  1. parties capable of contracting,
  2. their consent,
  3. a lawful object, and
  4. a sufficient cause or consideration.

Civ. Code § 1550. Civil Code, section 1640 states that “[w]hen, through fraud, mistake, or accident, a written contract fails to express the real intention of the parties, such intention is to be regarded, and the erroneous parts of the writing disregarded.”

“Fraud, or misrepresentation, may be asserted as an affirmative defense to a breach of contract claim. See Grady vs. Easley (1941) 45 Cal.App.2d 632, 642 (“One who has been induced to enter into a contract by false and fraudulent representations may rescind the contract....”); and Bowmer vs. H. C. Louis, Inc. (1966) 243 Cal.App.2d 501, 503 (“It is well established that a defrauded defendant may set up the fraud as a defense and, in fact, may even recoup his damages by counterclaim in an action brought by the guilty party to the contract”).

“Where one party commits fraud during the contract formation or performance, the injured party may recover in contract and tort.” Harris v. Atlantic Richfield Co. (1993) 14 Cal.App.4th 79, 78; see also Lazar v. Super. Ct. (1996) 12 Cal. 4th 631, 645.

“The rules governing the role of the court in interpreting a written instrument are well established. The interpretation of a contract is a judicial function.” Wolf v. Walt Disney Pictures & Television (2008) 162 Cal.App.4th 1107, 1125-1126.

“In engaging in this function, the trial court ‘give[s] effect to the mutual intention of the parties as it existed' at the time the contract was executed. Ordinarily, the objective intent of the contracting parties is a legal question determined solely by reference to the contract’s terms.” Wolf v. Walt Disney Pictures & Television (2008) 162 Cal.App.4th 1107, 1125-1126. Extrinsic evidence is admissible, however, to interpret an agreement when a material term is ambiguous. Wolf, supra, 162 Cal.App.4th at p. 1126; see also Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. G.W. Thomas Drayage & Rigging (1968) 69 Cal.2d 33, 39-40

If extrinsic evidence reveals that apparently clear language in the contract is, in fact, “susceptible to more than one reasonable interpretation,” then extrinsic evidence may be used to determine the contracting parties’ objective intent. Id.

Recent Documents

1-25 of 1114 results

Opposition to Motion TO COMPEL ARBITRATION AND STAY ACTION - Opposition ...

Tionna Dolin (SB 299010) Email: [email protected] Daniel Law (SBN 308855) Email: d[email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900

Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendant's Demurrer to the Sixth Cause of Act...

Tionna Dolin (SBN 299010 mail: [email protected] Oliver D. Tomas (SBN mail: [email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION 1840 Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900

Opposition to Motion DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO COMPEL ARBITRATION - Oppositi...

Tionna Dolin (SB 299010) Email: [email protected] Daniel Law (SBN 308855) Email: [email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION 40 Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900

Trial Brief PLAINTIFF AND CROSS-DEFENDANT GEORGY SHUPPE'S TRIAL BRIEF - ...

SHANNON TURNER (CSB No. 310121) ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFF AND CROSS- DEFENDANT GEORGY SHUPPE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN MATEO GEORGY SHUPPE, Plaintiff and Cross- LLP

Opposition TO DEMURRER - Opposition

Marcy Gribin Sanchez (SBN 247211) [email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION 1840 Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900 Facsimile: (310) 943 3838 Attorneys for Plain

Answer -

William P. Keane (State Bar No. 124756) FILED [email protected] Superior Court of California Erik C. Olson (State Bar No. 260452) County of Placer NN [email protected] Farella Braun +

~CIV Minute Order - Motion to Compel Arbitration and to Stay 10/28/2020 ...

Case Number: 18-CIV-04354 SUPERIOR COURT OF SAN MATEO COUNTY 400 County Center 1050 Mission Road Redwood City, CA 94063 South San Francisco, CA

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Reply TO PLAINTIFF'S OPPOSITION ...

Alexander F. Giovanniello (CSB # 125562) Cat N. Bulaon (CSB # 206612) Cadmus B. Wang (CSB # 331184) GIOVANNIELLO LAW GROUP One Pointe Drive, Suite 300 Brea, California 92821 Ph: (714) 364-4000 Fax: (714) 364-4001 [email protected] Attorneys for Defendants:

Supplemental Plaintiffs' Supplemental Brief in Response to Order re: Jud...

ROBBINS GELLER RUDMAN & DOWD LLP BOTTINI & BOTTINI, INC. La Jolla, CA 92037 [email protected] [email protected] Co-Lead Counsel for Plaintiffs [Additional Counsel Appear on Signature Page] SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

Supplemental Defendants' Supplemental Brief re (1) Restoration Robotics ...

CAZ HASHEMI, State Bar No. 210239 BENJAMIN M. CROSSON, State Bar No. 247560 WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI Professional Corporation 650 Page Mill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304-1050 Telephone: (650) 493-9300 Facsimile: (650) 565-5100 Email: [email protected];

Objection TO EVIDENCE BY PLAINTIFFS IN OPPOSITION TO MOTION FOR SUMMARY ...

LEWIS BRISBOIS BISGAARD & SMITH LLP GREG L. JOHNSON, SB# 132397 E-Mail: [email protected] TIMOTHY J. NALLY, SB# 288728 E-Mail: [email protected] 2020 West El Camino Avenue, Suite 700 Sacramento, California 95833 Telephone: 916.564.5400 Facsim

Opposition to Motion BY PLAINTIFFS TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUD...

ELTON AW ROUP APC EDWARD STUMPP (State Bar No. 157682) CASEY E. MITCHNICK (State Bar No. 298550) ATTORNEYS AT LAW 1590 Corporate Drive Costa Mesa, CA 92626 TELEPHONE: (562) 901-4499 FACSIMILE: (562) 901

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED superior Court of California, County of Placer 09/22/2020

Reply -

1 LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 09/18/2020 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER 2 Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 3 Telephone: (650) 592-9151 4 Email: [email protected] 5 Attorney for Plaintiff 6 7 8

Reply in Support of Motion to Transfer Venue - Motion hearings - Predispo

William S. Kronenberg V. Sathienmars KRONENBERG LAW One Kaiser Plaza, Suite 1675 Oakland, CA 94612 Fax: [email protected] [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant HIRSCH CLOSSON, a professional law corporation; and CLIFFORD HIRSCH, individually SUPERIOR

Notice of Motion and Motion to Compel PETITION TO COMPEL CONTRACTUAL ARB...

Alexander F. Giovanniello (CSB # 125562) Cat N. Bulaon (CSB # 206612) GIOVANNIELLO LAW GROUP One Pointe Drive, Suite 300 Brea, California 92821 Ph: (714) 364-4000 Fax: (714) 364-4001 [email protected] Attorneys for Defendants: BRIUS, LLCSAN MATEO WELLNESS GP, LL

Reply in Support of Motion to Transfer Venue - Reply

William S. Kronenberg V. Sathienmars KRONENBERG LAW One Kaiser Plaza, Suite 1675 Oakland, CA 94612 Fax: [email protected] [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant HIRSCH CLOSSON, a professional law corporation; and CLIFFORD HIRSCH, individually SUPERIOR

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

ho: Page 16 of92 2020-05-21 13:00:26 PDT 14155209707 From: Facsimile Department FILED BY FAX eye P. Keane (State Bar No. 124756) AL AMEDA COUNTY 1 |) Willia

Document Other -

& 86/16/2828 12:23 3104073004 PAGE 92/52 FILED BY FAX ALAMEDA COUNTY FARYAN ANDREW AFIFI (SBN 167344)

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Opposition PLAINTIFFS' OPPOSITIO...

ROBBINS GELLER RUDMAN & DOWD LLP JAMES I. JACONETTE (179565) 655 West Broadway, Suite 1900 San Diego, CA 92101-8498 Telephone: 619/231-1058 619/231-7423 (fax) [email protected] com BOTTINI & BOTTINI, INC. FRANCIS A. BOTTINI, JR. (175783)

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Reply IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR S...

Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP Sean P. Conboy (State Bar # 214487) [email protected] Zarish S. Baig (State Bar # 296973) [email protected] 555 South Flower Street, 31st Floor Los Angeles, California 90071 Telephone: +1 213 624 2500 Facsimile:

REPLY TO PLAINTIFF HORATIO WOOLCOTTS OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANTS MOTION TO ...

KELLY E. DUFORD, State Bar No. 295646 [email protected] CHRISTINE A. ROBLES, State Bar No. [email protected] SLATE LAW GROUP 2131 Third Avenue San Diego, CA 92101 Phone: (619) 565 Fax: (619) 354 Attorneys for Defendant CLOUD4IA LLC SUPERIOR

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

KNIGHT LAW GROUP LLP 07/13/2020 Steve Mikhov (SBN 224676) [email protected] Amy Morse (SBN 323668) [email protected] 10250 Constellation Blvd., Ste. 2500 Los Angeles, CA

Brief Trial -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED superior Court of California, County of Placer

MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO COMPEL ARBI...

DAVID R. BURTT, State Bar No. 201220 [email protected] MOBILITY LEGAL PC 3464 Arivaca Ct. Reno, NV 89511 Telephone: 650-544-8090 Attorneys for Defendants ALEX BECKER, JOHN LOEBER, SHEA MCNAMARA, and APOLLO BROKERS, INC.

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Useful Examples
Recent Documents

1-25 of 1114 results

Opposition to Motion TO COMPEL ARBITRATION AND STAY ACTION - Opposition ...

Tionna Dolin (SB 299010) Email: [email protected] Daniel Law (SBN 308855) Email: dlaw[email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900

Plaintiff's Opposition to Defendant's Demurrer to the Sixth Cause of Act...

Tionna Dolin (SBN 299010 mail: [email protected] Oliver D. Tomas (SBN mail: [email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION 1840 Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900

Opposition to Motion DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO COMPEL ARBITRATION - Oppositi...

Tionna Dolin (SB 299010) Email: [email protected] Daniel Law (SBN 308855) Email: [email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION 40 Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900

Trial Brief PLAINTIFF AND CROSS-DEFENDANT GEORGY SHUPPE'S TRIAL BRIEF - ...

SHANNON TURNER (CSB No. 310121) ATTORNEYS FOR PLAINTIFF AND CROSS- DEFENDANT GEORGY SHUPPE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN MATEO GEORGY SHUPPE, Plaintiff and Cross- LLP

Opposition TO DEMURRER - Opposition

Marcy Gribin Sanchez (SBN 247211) [email protected] TRATEGIC EGAL RACTICES ROFESSIONAL ORPORATION 1840 Century Park East, Suite 430 Los Angeles, CA 90067 Telephone: (310) 929 4900 Facsimile: (310) 943 3838 Attorneys for Plain

Answer -

William P. Keane (State Bar No. 124756) FILED [email protected] Superior Court of California Erik C. Olson (State Bar No. 260452) County of Placer NN [email protected] Farella Braun +

~CIV Minute Order - Motion to Compel Arbitration and to Stay 10/28/2020 ...

Case Number: 18-CIV-04354 SUPERIOR COURT OF SAN MATEO COUNTY 400 County Center 1050 Mission Road Redwood City, CA 94063 South San Francisco, CA

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Reply TO PLAINTIFF'S OPPOSITION ...

Alexander F. Giovanniello (CSB # 125562) Cat N. Bulaon (CSB # 206612) Cadmus B. Wang (CSB # 331184) GIOVANNIELLO LAW GROUP One Pointe Drive, Suite 300 Brea, California 92821 Ph: (714) 364-4000 Fax: (714) 364-4001 [email protected] Attorneys for Defendants:

Supplemental Plaintiffs' Supplemental Brief in Response to Order re: Jud...

ROBBINS GELLER RUDMAN & DOWD LLP BOTTINI & BOTTINI, INC. La Jolla, CA 92037 [email protected] [email protected] Co-Lead Counsel for Plaintiffs [Additional Counsel Appear on Signature Page] SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA

Supplemental Defendants' Supplemental Brief re (1) Restoration Robotics ...

CAZ HASHEMI, State Bar No. 210239 BENJAMIN M. CROSSON, State Bar No. 247560 WILSON SONSINI GOODRICH & ROSATI Professional Corporation 650 Page Mill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304-1050 Telephone: (650) 493-9300 Facsimile: (650) 565-5100 Email: [email protected];

Objection TO EVIDENCE BY PLAINTIFFS IN OPPOSITION TO MOTION FOR SUMMARY ...

LEWIS BRISBOIS BISGAARD & SMITH LLP GREG L. JOHNSON, SB# 132397 E-Mail: [email protected] TIMOTHY J. NALLY, SB# 288728 E-Mail: [email protected] 2020 West El Camino Avenue, Suite 700 Sacramento, California 95833 Telephone: 916.564.5400 Facsim

Opposition to Motion BY PLAINTIFFS TO DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUD...

ELTON AW ROUP APC EDWARD STUMPP (State Bar No. 157682) CASEY E. MITCHNICK (State Bar No. 298550) ATTORNEYS AT LAW 1590 Corporate Drive Costa Mesa, CA 92626 TELEPHONE: (562) 901-4499 FACSIMILE: (562) 901

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED superior Court of California, County of Placer 09/22/2020

Reply -

1 LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 09/18/2020 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER 2 Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 3 Telephone: (650) 592-9151 4 Email: [email protected] 5 Attorney for Plaintiff 6 7 8

Reply in Support of Motion to Transfer Venue - Motion hearings - Predispo

William S. Kronenberg V. Sathienmars KRONENBERG LAW One Kaiser Plaza, Suite 1675 Oakland, CA 94612 Fax: [email protected] [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant HIRSCH CLOSSON, a professional law corporation; and CLIFFORD HIRSCH, individually SUPERIOR

Notice of Motion and Motion to Compel PETITION TO COMPEL CONTRACTUAL ARB...

Alexander F. Giovanniello (CSB # 125562) Cat N. Bulaon (CSB # 206612) GIOVANNIELLO LAW GROUP One Pointe Drive, Suite 300 Brea, California 92821 Ph: (714) 364-4000 Fax: (714) 364-4001 [email protected] Attorneys for Defendants: BRIUS, LLCSAN MATEO WELLNESS GP, LL

Reply in Support of Motion to Transfer Venue - Reply

William S. Kronenberg V. Sathienmars KRONENBERG LAW One Kaiser Plaza, Suite 1675 Oakland, CA 94612 Fax: [email protected] [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant HIRSCH CLOSSON, a professional law corporation; and CLIFFORD HIRSCH, individually SUPERIOR

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

ho: Page 16 of92 2020-05-21 13:00:26 PDT 14155209707 From: Facsimile Department FILED BY FAX eye P. Keane (State Bar No. 124756) AL AMEDA COUNTY 1 |) Willia

Document Other -

& 86/16/2828 12:23 3104073004 PAGE 92/52 FILED BY FAX ALAMEDA COUNTY FARYAN ANDREW AFIFI (SBN 167344)

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Opposition PLAINTIFFS' OPPOSITIO...

ROBBINS GELLER RUDMAN & DOWD LLP JAMES I. JACONETTE (179565) 655 West Broadway, Suite 1900 San Diego, CA 92101-8498 Telephone: 619/231-1058 619/231-7423 (fax) [email protected] com BOTTINI & BOTTINI, INC. FRANCIS A. BOTTINI, JR. (175783)

Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Reply IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR S...

Squire Patton Boggs (US) LLP Sean P. Conboy (State Bar # 214487) [email protected] Zarish S. Baig (State Bar # 296973) [email protected] 555 South Flower Street, 31st Floor Los Angeles, California 90071 Telephone: +1 213 624 2500 Facsimile:

REPLY TO PLAINTIFF HORATIO WOOLCOTTS OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANTS MOTION TO ...

KELLY E. DUFORD, State Bar No. 295646 [email protected] CHRISTINE A. ROBLES, State Bar No. [email protected] SLATE LAW GROUP 2131 Third Avenue San Diego, CA 92101 Phone: (619) 565 Fax: (619) 354 Attorneys for Defendant CLOUD4IA LLC SUPERIOR

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

KNIGHT LAW GROUP LLP 07/13/2020 Steve Mikhov (SBN 224676) [email protected] Amy Morse (SBN 323668) [email protected] 10250 Constellation Blvd., Ste. 2500 Los Angeles, CA

Brief Trial -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED superior Court of California, County of Placer

MEMORANDUM OF POINTS AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO COMPEL ARBI...

DAVID R. BURTT, State Bar No. 201220 [email protected] MOBILITY LEGAL PC 3464 Arivaca Ct. Reno, NV 89511 Telephone: 650-544-8090 Attorneys for Defendants ALEX BECKER, JOHN LOEBER, SHEA MCNAMARA, and APOLLO BROKERS, INC.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... 45     last » 

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