What is a constructive trust?

Constructive Trust Defined

“A constructive trust is an equitable remedy to prevent unjust enrichment and to enforce restitution, under which one who wrongfully acquires property of another holds it involuntarily as a constructive trustee.” (Haskel Engineering & Supply Co. v. Hartford Acc. & Indem. Co. (1978) 78 Cal.App.3d 371, 375.) “The trust extends to property acquired in exchange for that wrongfully taken.” (Id.)

“A constructive trust is an equitable remedy, not a cause of action in and of itself, which can be imposed against one who wrongfully detains a thing by fraud, accident, mistake, undue influence, the violation of a trust, or other wrongful act.” (See Civ. Code, Secs. 2223 and 2224; see also Habitat Trust for Wildlife, Inc. v. City of Rancho Cucamonga (2009) 175 Cal.App.4th 1306, 1332; PCO, Inc. v. Christensen, Miller, Fink, Jacobs, Glaser, Weil & Shapiro, LLP (2007) 150 Cal.App.4th 384, 398; Meister v. Mensinger (2014) 230 Cal.App.4th 381, 399.)

Requirements for the Imposition of a Constructive Trust

“A cause of action seeking to impose a constructive trust will generally be allowed so long as it is predicated upon an underlying claim of fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, or other wrongful act entitling the plaintiff to some relief.” (See Ehret v. Ichioka (1967) 247 Cal.App.2d 637, 642; see also Michaelian v. State Comp. Ins. Fund (1996) 50 Cal.App.4th 1093, 1114 stating “[a] cause of action for constructive trust is not based on the establishment of a trust, but consists of fraud, breach of fiduciary duty or other act which entitles the plaintiff to some relief. Relief, in a proper case, may be to make the defendant a constructive trustee with a duty to transfer to the plaintiff.) (Id.)

Pleading Requirements:

The required elements are:

  1. facts constituting the underlying cause of action, and
  2. specific identifiable property to which defendant has title.”.

(Id.)

Constructive Fraud as Underlying Cause Supporting Constructive Trust Remedy

Where Plaintiff asserts that the underlying wrongful act is Defendant’s alleged constructive fraud, however, Plaintiff does not allege sufficient facts to state a claim for constructive fraud: “[c]onstructive fraud is a unique species of fraud applicable only to a fiduciary or confidential relationship... [c]onstructive fraud arises on a breach of duty by one in a confidential or fiduciary relationship to another which induces justifiable reliance by the latter to his prejudice.” (Prakashpalan v. Engstrom, Lipscomb & Lack (2014) 223 Cal.App.4th 1105, 1131, internal citation and quotation marks omitted; Feeney v. Howard (1889) 79 Cal. 525, 529; Peterson Dev. Co. v. Torrey Pines Bank (1991) 233 Cal.App.3d 103, 116 stating “[i]t is essential to the operation of the doctrine of constructive fraud there exists a fiduciary or special relationship”.) Thus, [Where] [t]here are no allegations in the FAC establishing that Plaintiff and Defendant had a fiduciary or confidential relationship... [p]laintiff fails to allege sufficient facts to state a claim for constructive trust and/or constructive fraud.) (Id.)

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Useful Examples
Recent Documents

1-25 of 5118 results

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Cyrus M. Sanai, SB#150387 SANAIS 9440 Santa Monica Boulevard Suite Beverly Hills, California, 90210 Telephone: (310) 717 [email protected] Delaware Limited Liability Company, and -1-

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STOCKHOLDER DERIVATIVE COMPLAINT Plaintiff Byron Kimbrough ( Plaintiff ), by and through his undersigned attorneys, brings this derivative complaint for the benefit of nominal defendant, Amyris, Inc. ( Amyris or the Company ), against certain members of its Board of Directors (the Board ) and

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WILLIAM E. KRUSE, Ed. D, Esq. (SBN 166067) KRUSE LAW CORPORATION P.O. Box 1746 Rancho Cordova, CA 95741-1746 Telephone: (916) 564-4800 Attorney for Plaintiffs, CHICO PODIATRY GROUP, DANIEL D. CAVINESS, D.P.M., DANIEL D. CAVINESS, D.P.M., INC.,

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KRUSE LAW CORPORATION Attorney for Plaintiffs, CHICO PODIATRY GROUP, DANIEL D. CAVINESS, D.P.M., DANIEL D. CAVINESS, STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF BUTTE, UNLIMITED CIVIL DIVISION CHICO PODIATRY GROUP, a California

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SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF YOLO PROBATE MINUTE ORDER JUDGE: DANIEL M WOLK DATE: 12/15/2020 CASE NO: PR-2020-145 TITLE: MATTER OF DAVID LAWRENCE IDE REVOCABLE TRUST PROCEEDINGS: PETITION — Breach of Fiduciary Duties, Conversion, Constructive Trust, Unjust Enrichment, Promissory Estoppel, Confirmation of Trust Assets, and Removal of Trustee 4 Shatve £ > ‘Scpveny CLERK: Piper Noto APPEARANCES 11Present Prva \ and Lb. 2ZW/ByAttys: Ley Dan CrilAn 30Dep.Co.Counsel: * NEX

Petition 12/04/2020 - Petition

Superior Court of California County of Kern Bakersfield Division P DATE: December 04, 2020 Time: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM

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Separate Statement IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT'S MOTION - Separate Statement

Clinton Killian, SBN 116501 Nader Fannyan, SBN 320752 KILLIAN & FANNYAN, APC 1300 Clay St. Suite 600 Oakland, CA 94612 Telephone: 5775 Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] Attorney for Respondent EUNICE EYVONNE TOM SUPERIOR COURT

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LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 10/27/2020 Telephone: (650) 592 9151 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Plaintiff IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNI

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Superior Court of California County of Kern Bakersfield Division P DATE: October 23, 2020 Time: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM

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UGLAS T. SLOAN, City Attorney CITY OF FRESNO By: Francine M. Kanne, Chief Assistant City Attorney (SBN 139028) 2600 Fresno Street Fresno, CA 93721-3602 Telephone: (559) 621-7500 Facsimile: (559) 488-1084 Jeffery L. Caufield, Esq. (SBN 166524) [email protected] Matthew D. McMillan, Esq. (SBN 262394)

2020.10.08 Complaint - Civil Complaint filed

Justin G. Reden, Bar No. 230068 Michael J. Riddell, Bar No. 252918 REDEN & REDEN APC 85 Via Del Campo Court, Suite 320 San Diego, CA 92127 Telephone: (619) 758 3869 Facsimile: (800) 746 5015 Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected]

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