What is a constructive trust?

Constructive Trust Defined

“A constructive trust is an equitable remedy to prevent unjust enrichment and to enforce restitution, under which one who wrongfully acquires property of another holds it involuntarily as a constructive trustee.” (Haskel Engineering & Supply Co. v. Hartford Acc. & Indem. Co. (1978) 78 Cal.App.3d 371, 375.) “The trust extends to property acquired in exchange for that wrongfully taken.” (Id.)

“A constructive trust is an equitable remedy, not a cause of action in and of itself, which can be imposed against one who wrongfully detains a thing by fraud, accident, mistake, undue influence, the violation of a trust, or other wrongful act.” (See Civ. Code, Secs. 2223 and 2224; see also Habitat Trust for Wildlife, Inc. v. City of Rancho Cucamonga (2009) 175 Cal.App.4th 1306, 1332; PCO, Inc. v. Christensen, Miller, Fink, Jacobs, Glaser, Weil & Shapiro, LLP (2007) 150 Cal.App.4th 384, 398; Meister v. Mensinger (2014) 230 Cal.App.4th 381, 399.)

Requirements for the Imposition of a Constructive Trust

“A cause of action seeking to impose a constructive trust will generally be allowed so long as it is predicated upon an underlying claim of fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, or other wrongful act entitling the plaintiff to some relief.” (See Ehret v. Ichioka (1967) 247 Cal.App.2d 637, 642; see also Michaelian v. State Comp. Ins. Fund (1996) 50 Cal.App.4th 1093, 1114 stating “[a] cause of action for constructive trust is not based on the establishment of a trust, but consists of fraud, breach of fiduciary duty or other act which entitles the plaintiff to some relief. Relief, in a proper case, may be to make the defendant a constructive trustee with a duty to transfer to the plaintiff.) (Id.)

Pleading Requirements:

The required elements are:

  1. facts constituting the underlying cause of action, and
  2. specific identifiable property to which defendant has title.”.

(Id.)

Constructive Fraud as Underlying Cause Supporting Constructive Trust Remedy

Where Plaintiff asserts that the underlying wrongful act is Defendant’s alleged constructive fraud, however, Plaintiff does not allege sufficient facts to state a claim for constructive fraud: “[c]onstructive fraud is a unique species of fraud applicable only to a fiduciary or confidential relationship... [c]onstructive fraud arises on a breach of duty by one in a confidential or fiduciary relationship to another which induces justifiable reliance by the latter to his prejudice.” (Prakashpalan v. Engstrom, Lipscomb & Lack (2014) 223 Cal.App.4th 1105, 1131, internal citation and quotation marks omitted; Feeney v. Howard (1889) 79 Cal. 525, 529; Peterson Dev. Co. v. Torrey Pines Bank (1991) 233 Cal.App.3d 103, 116 stating “[i]t is essential to the operation of the doctrine of constructive fraud there exists a fiduciary or special relationship”.) Thus, [Where] [t]here are no allegations in the FAC establishing that Plaintiff and Defendant had a fiduciary or confidential relationship... [p]laintiff fails to allege sufficient facts to state a claim for constructive trust and/or constructive fraud.) (Id.)

Useful Resources for Constructive Trust

Recent Documents on Constructive Trust

1-25 of 7311 results

Petition - STATUS - DISCOVERY

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF YOLO PROBATE MINUTE ORDER JUDGE: DANIEL M WOLK DATE: 12/15/2020 CASE NO: PR-2020-145 TITLE: MATTER OF DAVID LAWRENCE IDE REVOCABLE TRUST PROCEEDINGS: PETITION — Breach of Fiduciary Duties, Conversion, Constructive Trust, Unjust Enrichment, Promissory Estoppel, Confirmation of Trust Assets, and Removal of Trustee 4 Shatve £ > ‘Scpveny CLERK: Piper Noto APPEARANCES 11Present Prva \ and Lb. 2ZW/ByAttys: Ley Dan CrilAn 30Dep.Co.Counsel: * ...

Complaint 2nd Amended -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED KOONS & RISWOLD superior Court of California, A Law Corporation County of Placer (Formerly the Law Office of Edward C. Koons, Inc.) ...

Complaint - Case Management Conference

10 il 12 13 14 15 16 17 is 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Travis E. Stroud, SBN 279606 Natalie R. Ludwig, SBN 300093 TravisStroudLaw Firm 1120 Solano Street Corning, CA 96021 530-838-0828 FAX 530-645-1760 Attorney for: JESSE MYERS F Superior Court of California F | County of Butte | L L E E D Kipnberty Fleer, Clerk D By __ Deputy Electronically FILED SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF BUTTE JESSE MYERS Plaintiff, VS. JAMIE HOWELL, GOLD COUNTR...

Complaint 1st Amended -

LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 10/27/2020 Telephone: (650) 592 9151 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Plaintiff IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFO...

Petition 10/23/2020 - Petition

Superior Court of California County of Kern Bakersfield Division P DATE: October 23, 2020 Time: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM ...

2020.10.08 Complaint - Civil Complaint filed

Justin G. Reden, Bar No. 230068 Michael J. Riddell, Bar No. 252918 REDEN & REDEN APC 85 Via Del Campo Court, Suite 320 San Diego, CA 92127 Telephone: (619) 758 3869 Facsimile: (800) 746 5015 Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] ...

Complaint (Unlimited) (Fee Applies) - Complaint

Cc ON DH BF YW HH NN YY YN NR KY NY BS BB He ewe Be eB Be ew oN DA A BF Bw NY =F Ss O6O we A AH KRDO NH = SS TRAVIS H. WHITFIELD SBN 195108 ANTHONY J. CALERO SBN: 194454 Law Offices of Travis H. Whitfield, Inc. 2055 Junction Avenue, Suite 138 San Jose, California 95131 Telephone: (408) 879-9039 Facsimile: (408) 879-9327 Attorney for MICHELLE DANG SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SANTA CLARA } CASE NO.: MICHELLE DANG ) ) COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES AND TO Plaintif...

APPELLANT'S OPENING BRIEF FILED (RESPONDENT'S BRIEF IS DUE BY NOV-06-202...

IL 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 25 26 27 Sept 29, 2020 . Ld. XD ere ‘ocr 07 2020 Superior Court Clerks office 400 McAllister st room 103 San Francisco Calif 94102 SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO PERSOLVE LLC, A LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY Plaintiff Vs "case no CGC06458306 FRANKIE WONG et al, Defendant 1. Opening Appeal brief 2. Motion for court appointed attorney Pro-per DESCRIPTION 1. Appellant was NEVER NOTIFIED of this case hearings with ...

Opposition -

NOONAN LAW GROUP TODD M. NOONAN (SBN 172962) 10/02/2020 [email protected] 770 L Street, Suite 950 Sacramento, CA 95814 Telephone: 740.1126 GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP BENJAMIN B. WAGNER, SBN 163581 ...

Complaint with Ex A (final) - Civil Complaint filed

Bradley J. Epstein (CA State Bar No. 171567) Susana Cendejas (CA State Bar No. 236316) NGIUS ERRY 3001 Lava Ridge Court, Suite 130 Roseville, CA Telephone: (916) 567-1400 Email: [email protected] Attorneys for Plaintiff West Shaw Estates Homeowners Association SUPERIOR...

Demurrer -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED superior Court of California, County of Placer 09/22/2...

Motion Strike -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED superior Court of California, County of Placer KATHLEEN C. LYON, CSB # 236224 09/22/2020 ...

Complaint (Unlimited) (Fee Applies)

11 12 13 14 20 || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 DOMENICO SCIRE, ESQ. SBN#276910 1735 NORTH FIRST STREET, SUITE 116 SAN JOSE, CA 95112 TELEPHONE: 408-441-1900 FAX: 408-441-1901 Attomey for Plaintiff [TRANG KIM NGUYEN Plaintiff, VS. LE, PHILANIE LLC, STANLEY PHAN, ULIE THAI, ANDY T. NGUYEN, TOP Defendants. the jurisdiction of California courts. HUYEN THI THU NGUYEN, LONG HOANG REALTY LLC and DOES 1-50 INCLUSIVE eee ) Ne SSS IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CAL...

Reply -

1 LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 09/18/2020 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER 2 Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 3 Telephone: (650) 592-9151 4 Email: [email protected]lawyer.com 5 Attorney for Plaintiff 6 7 8 ...

DECLARATION OF JUSTIN L SOWA IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT MACREGEN INCS OPPOS...

CRAIG C. DANIEL (212588) JUSTIN SOWA (305002) GLUCK DANIEL LLP One Sansome Street, Suite 720 San Francisco, CA 94104 Telephone 2114 Facsimile 2208 Email [email protected] Attorneys for Defendants ...

OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFFS MOTION TO COMPEL MACREGEN INC TO PROVIDE FURTHE...

CRAIG C. DANIEL (212588) JUSTIN SOWA (305002) GLUCK DANIEL One Sansome Street, Suite 720 San Francisco, CA 94104 Telephone 2114 Facsimile 2208 Email litigation gluckdaniel.com Attorneys for Defendants M...

Petition - VERIFIED PETITION FOR BREACH OF FIDUCIARY DUTIES, CONVERSION,...

SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF YOLO PROBATE MINUTE ORDER JUDGE: DANIEL M WOLK DATE: 09/15/2020 CASE NO: PR-2020-145 TITLE: MATTER OF DAVID LAWRENCE IDE REVOCABLE TRUST PROCEEDINGS: PETITION - Breach o Fdvaarcy Dubes CLERK: Piper Noto REPORTER: APPEARANCES 1Present Prva Lear ~ Lers, 2wiByAttys:_Y + Larch te 30Dep.Co.Counsel: 8 O Parties referred to FLF for referral to mediation 9 OCourt orders reimbursement of Court Investigator Fees in the sum of $ 100Other orde...

Opposition -

Port J. Parker, SBN 179256 09/14/2020 Jeffrey S. Einsohn, SBN 260150 PARKER LAW GROUP ATTORNEYS A Professional Corporation Sacramento, CA 95814 Telephone: (916) 996-0400 Attorneys for TODD JARVIS SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA ...

Case Management Conference Statement -

CM-110 ATTORNEY ORPARTY WITHOUTATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address): FOR COURTUSE ONLY John D. Fairbrook, Esquire (SBN 105115) ...

2020.09.09 Complaint - Civil Complaint filed

Justin G. Reden, Bar No. 230068 Michael J. Riddell, Bar No. 252918 REDEN & REDEN APC 85 Via Del Campo Court, Suite 320 San Diego, CA 92127 Telephone: (619) 758 3869 Facsimile: (800) 746 5015 Email: [email protected] Email: [email protected] ...

ORDER OVERRULING CROSS-DEFENDANTS DEMURRER TO THIRD AMENDED CROSS-COMPLAINT

oC me ND HW PB WN Be De ee ee Be oe Be eH BRXRRRRBBE SSRs UAAE TEES * daoditdce Terence O. Mayo, Esq. SBN 62035 SEP. , 8 ane Mary E. Mayo, Esq, SBN 188142 CLERK OF THE GOUR Mayo & Mayo BY 114 Sansome Street, Suite 280 . ter San Francisco, CA 94104 Telephone: (415) 397-1515 [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant, Maria Garcia aka Maria DeJesus Garcia SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO UNLIMITED JURISDICTION JESUS JAIME VALLE, ) Case No. CGC-1...

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

09/02/2020 LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 Telephone: (650) 592 9151 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Plaintiff IN...

Declaration -

09/02/2020 LAWRENCE D. MILLER, SBN 77448 LAW OFFICE OF LAWRENCE D. MILLER Post Office Box 6107 San Mateo, CA 94403 Telephone: (650) 592 9151 Email: [email protected] Attorney for Plaintiff IN TH...

VERIFIED AFFIDAVIT AND DECLARATION OF PLAINTIFF TYRONE L. ADAMS IN SUPPO...

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 POBOXGsI044 FILED WEST SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA 95798 San Francisco Counly Srogtir Telephone: (407) 716 0233 AUG 25 2020 TYRONE L. ADAMS, Plaintiff, In Pro Per CLERK OF ny COUR SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF SAN F# > Deputy TYRONE L. ADAMS, ) Case No.: CGC-11-512166 Plaintiff, ) VERIFIED AFFIDAVIT AND ve ) DECLARATION OF PLAINTIFF TYRONE L. ADAMS IN SUPPORT CHARLES L. EASLEY, et. al. ) PLAINTIFF'S STATEMENT OF Defendants ) DISQUALIFICATION R...

Petition 08/20/2020 - Petition

Superior Court of California County of Kern Metropolitan Division 1215 Truxtun Avenue, Bakersfield, CA 93301 DATE: August 20, 2020 Time: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM ...

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