What is a Cancellation of Instruments?

An “instrument” is “a written paper signed by a person or persons transferring the title to, or giving a lien on real property, or giving a right to a debt or duty.” (Gov. Code, § 27279.) Recordings not affecting title are not instruments. (Sisemore v. Master Financial, Inc. (2007) 151 Cal.App.4th 1388, 1399-1400; Ward v. Super. Ct. (1997) 55 Cal.App.4th 60, 64-65.)

Section 3412 of the Code of Civil Procedure provides for the cancellation of an instrument. (Code of Civ. Proc., § 3412.) It states that a “written instrument, in respect to which there is a reasonable apprehension that if left outstanding it may cause serious injury to a person against whom it is void or voidable, may, upon his application, be so adjudged, and ordered to be delivered up or canceled.” (Code of Civ. Proc., § 3412; Robertson v. Super. Ct. (2001) 90 Cal.App.4th 1319, 1324.)

Cancellation of an instrument is essentially a request for rescission of the instrument. (Bank of America v. Greenbach (1950) 98 Cal.App.2d 220, 228.) The effect of a decree cancelling an instrument is to place the parties where they were before the instrument was made, as if it had never been made. (Id. at 238.) A decree cancelling an instrument is equitable in nature and may be subject to equitable conditions, including reimbursement for the reasonable value of benefits conferred. (Ebbert v. Mercantile Trust Co. (1931) 213 Cal. 496, 501.)

Legal Standard

To plead a right to cancellation of an instrument, a plaintiff must allege the instrument is “void or voidable” and would cause “serious injury” if not canceled. (Saterbak v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (2016) 245 Cal.App.4th 808, 818-19; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Naifeh (2016) 1 Cal.App.5th 767, 774; Thompson v. Ioane (2017) 11 Cal.App.5th 1180, 1193-1194.) “The injury referred to in section 3412 is not limited to pecuniary loss; it may be the alteration of one’s position to his prejudice.” (Turner v. Turner (1959) 167 Cal.App.2d 636, 641.)

The plaintiff must allege specific facts, “not mere conclusions, showing the apparent validity of the instrument designated, and point out the reason for asserting that it is actually invalid.” (Ephraim v. Metropolitan Trust Co. (1946) 28 Cal.2d 824, 833-34; Wolfe v. Lipsy (1985) 163 Cal.App.3d 633, 638.)

Promissory fraud is a basis for demonstrating the invalidity of an instrument in an action to cancel an instrument. (Lawrence v. Gayetty (1889) 78 Cal. 126, 131-132.) Notwithstanding the strict common law pleading requirements for causes of actions for damages for fraud (and somewhat surprisingly), general allegations of fraud are sufficient to allege the invalidity of an instrument in the absence of a special demurrer for uncertainty. (Larkin v. Mullen (1900) 128 Cal. 449, 453-454 [general demurrer properly overruled even though fraud alleged in general terms]; see also Campbell v. Genshlea (1919) 180 Cal. 213, 218.)

Statute of Limitations

The statute of limitations for a cause of action for cancellation of instruments is three years if based on fraud, otherwise, the statute is four years. (Zakaessian v. Zakaessian (1945) 70 Cal.App.2d 721, 725.)

Useful Resources for Cancellation of Instruments

Recent Documents on Cancellation of Instruments

1-25 of 989 results

Motion Summary Judgment -

11/10/2020 1 Robert W. Norman, Jr. (SBN 232470) Neil J. Cooper (SBN 277997) 2 HOUSER LLP 9970 Research Drive 3 Irvine, California 92618 Telephone: (949) 679-1111 4 Facsimile: (949) 679-1112 Email: bnor...

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

1 LAUREL I. HANDLEY (SBN 231249) CHARLES A. CORREIA (SBN 86123) 2 ALDRIDGE PITE, LLP 4375 JUTLAND DRIVE, SUITE 200 3 P.O. BOX 17935 SAN DIEGO, CA 92177-0935 09/03/2020 4 TELEPHONE: (858) 750-7600 FACSIMILE: (619) 590-13...

Memorandum Points & Authorities -

ELECTRONICALLY FILED LAUREL I. HANDLEY (SBN 231249) superior Court of California, DIALA DEBBAS (SBN 312322) County of Placer ALDRIDGE PITE, LLP ...

1ST AMENDED CROSS COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 100109172) FILED BY CROSS ...

1 Peter B. Fredman (Cal. Bar No. 189097) LAW OFFICE OF PETER FREDMAN PC 2 2930 Domingo Avenue, Suite 227 Berkeley, CA 94705 3 Telephone: (510) 868-2626 Facsimile: (510) 868-2627 4 [email protected] 5 Attorneys for Defendant and Cross-Complainant VERONICA STORK (PETERKIN) ...

DECLARATION OF NELSON GOODELL IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO CONSOLIDATE CASE N...

NELSON W. GOODELL, ESQ., SBN 264734 The Goodell Law Firm 5 Third Street, Suite 1100 San Francisco, CA 94103 (415) 495 3950 (office) (415) 495 3970(fax) Attorney for Plaintiff JULIANA CLEGG IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SA...

DECLARATION OF NELSON GOODELL IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS OPPOSITION TO DEF...

NELSON W. GOODELL, ESQ., SBN 264734 The Goodell Law Firm 5 Third Street, Suite 1100 San Francisco, CA 94103 (415) 495 3950 (office) (415) 495 3970(fax) Attorney for Plaintiff JULIANA CLEGG IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SA...

REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE IN SUPPORT PLAINTIFFS OPPOSITION TO DEFENDAN...

NELSON W. GOODELL, ESQ., SBN 264734 The Goodell Law Firm 5 Third Street, Suite 1100 San Francisco, CA 94103 (415) 495 3950 (office) (415) 495 3970(fax) Attorney for Plaintiff ULIANA CLEGG, as Trustee of the Thomas and Alice Carnes Trust IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA ...

OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFFS MOTION TO CONSOLIDATE; AND DECLARATION OF LUKAS...

WRIGHT, FINLAY & ZAK, LLP 1 Jonathan D. Fink, Esq., SBN 110615 2 Lukasz I. Wozniak, Esq., SBN 246329 4665 MacArthur Court, Suite 200 3 Newport Beach, CA 92660 Tel. (949) 477-5050; Fax (949) 608-9142 4 Email: [email protected] 5 ...

DECLARATION OF ANDREW J. WEILL IN OPPOSITION TO EX PARTE APPLICATION TO ...

WEILL & MAZER A PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94111 (415) 421-0730 200 CALIFORNIA STREET, SUITE 400 ANDREW J. WEILL (SBN 073093) MARC S, MAZER (SBN 081163) WEILL & MAZER A Professional Corporation 200 California Street Suite 400 San Francisco, California 94111 Telephone: (415) 421-0730 Attorneys for Respondent DANA WEINBERG, Successor Trustee to the Murray Weinberg and S. Bette Weinberg Trust IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE CITY AND ...

BUGG App for Judgment - Application Filed

Cem NIN DAH BF WN NN YY YN NN NY Be ee eB Be ewe ewe we eK on DWH FF BN = SO we AKA AA RDN BS WRIGHT, FINLAY & ZAK, LLP T. Robert Finlay, Esq., SBN 167280 Michael J. Gilligan, Esq., SBN 115658 Nicole S. Dunn, Esq., SBN 213550 4665 MacArthur Court, Suite 200 Newport Beach, CA 92660 Tel. (949) 477-5050; Fax (949) 4608-9142 Attorneys for Plaintiff, Reverse Mortgage Solutions, Inc. SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF FRESNO REVERSE MORTGAGE SOLUTIONS, INC.,a | Case No.: 19CECG016...

REQUEST FOR JUDICIAL NOTICE IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS MOTION TO STRIKE PO...

WRIGHT, FINLAY & ZAK, LLP Jonathan D. Fink, Esq., SBN 110615 Lukasz I. Wozniak, Esq., SBN 246329 4665 MacArthur Court, Suite 200 Email: [email protected] Attorneys for Defendant, WILMINGTON TRUST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, NOT IN ITS INDIVIDUAL ...

Case Management Statement Filed - Case Management Statement

CM-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, State Ber number, anc address} FOR COURT USE ONLY Russell K. Ryan 139835 MOTSCHIEDLER, MICHAELIDES, WISHON, BREWER & RYAN, LLP 1690 West Shaw Avenue, Suite 200 Fresno, California 93711 TeLePHone No. (559) 439-4000 FAXNO. (Cptiona: (559) 439-5654 E-MAIL, ADDRESS (Optionan: [email protected] ATTORNEY FOR (ame), Plaintiff KAY M. DEFEHR SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF FRESNO street appress. 1130 O Street MAILING ADDRESS: erry ano 2 cove: Fr...

DECLARATION OF RYAN K. WOODSON IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS MOTION FOR TERMI...

YU | MOHANDESI LLP 633 West Fifth Street, Suite 2800 Attorneys for Defendants Shellpoint Mortgage Serv for the Certificateholders CWABS, Inc., Asset-Backed SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA 633 West Fifth Street, Suite 2800 CITY & COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO – UNLIMITED CIVIL JURISDI...

OPPOSITION TO MOTION TO CONSOLIDATE CASES (TRANSACTION ID # 100100689) F...

1 WRIGHT, FINLAY & ZAK, LLP Jonathan D. Fink, Esq., SBN 110615 2 4665 MacArthur Court, Suite 280 3 Newport Beach, CA 92660 Tel: (949) 477-5050; Fax: (949) 608-9142 4 [email protected] 5 Attorneys for Defendants, WILMINGTON SAVINGS FUND SOCIET...

CROSS COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 100100498) FILED BY CROSS COMPLAINANT ...

1 Peter B. Fredman (Cal. Bar No. 189097) LAW OFFICE OF PETER FREDMAN PC 2 2930 Domingo Avenue, Suite 227 Berkeley, CA 94705 3 Telephone: (510) 868-2626 Facsimile: (510) 868-2627 4 [email protected] 5 Attorneys for Defendant and Cross-Complainant VERONICA STORK (PETERKIN) ...

2ND AMENDED COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 100099454) FILED BY PLAINTIFF CL...

NELSON W. GOODELL, ESQ., SBN 264734 1 The Goodell Law Firm 2 5 Third Street, Suite 1100 ELECTRONICALLY San Francisco, CA 94103 3 (415) 495-3950 (office) F I L E D ...

2ND AMENDED COMPLAINT (TRANSACTION ID # 100099454) FILED BY PLAINTIFF CL...

NELSON W. GOODELL, ESQ., SBN 264734 Attorney for Plaintiff IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO SECOND AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR: Cancellation of Instruments Es...

REPLY TO PLAINTIFFS OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANTS DEMURRER TO PLAINTIFFS COMP...

1 THOMAS A. WOODS (SB #210050) [email protected] 2 NICHOLAS D. KARKAZIS (SB #299075) [email protected] ELECTRONICALLY 3 STOEL RIVES LLP F I L E D 500 Capitol Mall, Suite 1600 ...

REPLY IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT - REDACTED (TRANSACTION ...

WEDGEWOOD 1 Office of the General Counsel ALAN M. DETTELBACH (SBN 137540) 2 [email protected] SETH P. COX (SBN 277239) 3 [email protected] JULIE A. CHOI (SBN 281100) 4 [email protected] ELAINE YANG (SBN 285318) ...

OPPOSITION OF DEFENDANTS DEMURRER WITH SUPPORTING DECLARATIONS OF BEATRI...

ELECTRONICALLY F I L E D Superior Court of California, ...

CASE MANAGEMENT STATEMENT (TRANSACTION ID # 200008291) FILED BY DEFENDAN...

CM-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Name, Slale Bar number, and address( FOR COURT USE ONL Y Ginger L. Sotelo (SBNE 210429) Pahl & McCay 225 W. Santa Clara Street, Suite 1500 San Jose, CA 95113 TEL...

CASE MANAGEMENT STATEMENT (TRANSACTION ID # 200008291) FILED BY DEFENDAN...

CM-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ‘ATTORNEY (Name, State Bar number, and address): FOR COURT USE ONLY Ginger L. Sotelo (SBN: 210429) Pahl & McCay 225 W. Santa Clara Street, Suite 1500 San Jose, CA 95113 tevepHoneno. (408) 286-5100 FAXNO(Optionay: (408) 286-5722 EMAIL ADDRESS (Optionay: [email protected] Z ATTORNEY FOR (Nome; Defendant Curry Parkway, LP | SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF San Francisco streeraooress: 400 McAllister Street MAILING ADDRESS: cryanpzecooe San Franci...

PLAINTIFFS' MEMORANDUM OF POINT AND AUTHORITIES IN SUPPORT OF THEIR OPPO...

Facsimile: (415) 762-5490 COURT OF CALIFORNIA CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO – UNLIMITED CIVIL CASE ANA MACDONALD and LUELLA BROWN, 94102 PLAINTIFF ANA MACDONALD ...

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