What is Aiding and Abetting Discrimination and Harassment?

Aiding and abetting is a form of derivative liability. Richard B. LeVine, Inc. v. Higashi (2005) 131 Cal.App.4th 566.

A defendant is liable for aiding and abetting if the person:

  1. knows the other’s conduct constitutes a breach of duty and gives substantial assistance or encouragement to the other to so act, or
  2. gives substantial assistance to the other in accomplishing a tortious result and the person’s own conduct, separately considered, constitutes a breach of duty to the third person

Casey v. U.S. Bank Nat'l Assoc. (2005) 127 Cal.App.4th 1138, 1144; see also Gov’t Code, § 12940(i).

Aiding and abetting cannot be imposed on a party who is the alleged discriminator, retaliator, etc. Navarrete v. Mayer (2015) 237 Cal.App.4th 1276 (aider and abettor liability imposes liability on a person who did not personally cause the harm to plaintiff).

Mere knowledge and the failure to prevent it do not constitute aiding and abetting. Austin B. v. Escondido Union School District (2007) 149 Cal.App.4th 860, 879. Failing to act is insufficient for aiding and abetting under FEHA:

“A failure to act is a far cry from providing substantial assistance and conflates an ‘aiding and abetting’ claim with a claim brought under Cal. Gov.Code § 12940(k), which makes it unlawful for an employer to fail to take all reasonable steps necessary to prevent discrimination and harassment from occurring.” Ortiz v. Georgia Pacific (E.D. Cal. 2013) 973 F.Supp.2d 1162, 1184.

It requires the defendant “to reach a conscious decision to participate in tortious activity for the purpose of assisting another in performing a wrongful act.” Berg & Berg Enterprises, LLC v. Sherwood Partners, Inc. (2005) 131 Cal.App.4th 802, 823 n.10.

It applies to joint tortfeasors. Berg & Berg Enterprises, LLC v. Sherwood Partners, Inc. (2005) 131 Cal.App.4th 802, 823 n.10.

Note, individuals who are not themselves employers cannot be sued under FEHA for alleged discriminatory acts, nor for claims of wrongful termination in violation of public policy. Reno v. Baird (1998) 18 Cal.4th 640, 663-664.

And “liability cannot be imposed upon the State under the aiding and abetting provisions of FEHA...” Vernon v. State (2004) 116 Cal.App.4th 114, 132.

Useful Resources for Aiding and Abetting Discrimination and Harassment (FEHA)

Documents on Aiding and Abetting Discrimination and Harassment (FEHA)

1-25 of 10000 results

Brief Re FEHA 2015 Administrative Complaint filed by Elizondo, Rachel A.

ome NAH hw DD 10 Il 12 13 14 15 16 7 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 JOHN A. SHEPARDSON, SBN 129081 59 N. Santa Cruz Ave., Ste. Q Los Gatos, CA 95030 T (408) 395-3701 F (408) 395-0112 E [email protected] ATTORNEY FOR PLAINTIFF RACHEL A. ELIZONDO FILED sUPEAIOR COURT - STOCK TOS 207 OCT -3 PH 2:56 ROSA JUNQUEIRO, CLERK DEPUTY Spon Ele ads IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN RACHEL A. ELIZONDO, Plaintiff, . v. ) ) ) CALIFORNIA

Complaint for 1. Associational Disability Discrimination in Violation of...

CU Om RDN BR Ww Il 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 SCOTT HOUTZ, SBN 180061 PEGAH SHARIFI, SBN 290260 Lawyers for Workplace Fairness, APC 2n6 SEP 23 AN {hs 5 4100 West Alameda Avenue, Third Floor A Lis Burbank, California 91505 é ema Cl ARS Telephone: (323) 375-5101 Facsimile: (323) 306-0551 cee “T - STOCK Ton Attorneys for Plaintiff Angie Gutierrez SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN a eee = 7 a 7 f _ z . Zz, ANGIE GUTIE

Plaintiff Steven Rede's Brief re Qualified Disability Under FEHA filed b...

SoU em IN DH BR WN N YN N N NH DYN Ne eee NI DW RF YW NH |= SBwo we AIA aA FPF WN 28 Rancafio Law ‘eS Law caro 1300 10* Sucet, Suite C Maca, Catforia 55384 (209) 526-1101 (FAX) on Sin.00 ancafio Law ong Ua A PROFESSIONAL LAW CORPORATION ROSA JUNQUEIRO, CLERK 1300 10th Street, Suite C ™ Modesto, California 95354 By FAX (209) $26-1101 DEPUTY Telephone (209) 549-2000 David C. Rancafio, SBN 121000 Attorneys for Plaintiff SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN STOCKTON BRANCH + S

Plaintiff Rachel A. Elizondo's Pocket Brief RE EEOC & FEHA Filings Effec...

Ui BB YN = Coe a Dd JOHN A. SHEPARDSON, SBN 129081 59 N. Santa Cruz Ave., Ste. Q Los Gatos, CA 95030 T (408) 395-3701 F (408) 395-0112 E [email protected] ATTORNEY FOR PLAINTIFF RACHEL A, ELIZONDO FILED 20 SEP 1a py 2°36 iN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN RACHEL A. ELIZONDO, Plaintiff, ve CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, does 1-100, Inclusive, Defendants. eer ee CASE NO. STK-CV-UOE-2013-00006188 PLAI

DISMISSAL WITHOUT PREJUDICE FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION (UNRUH ACT) AND FIFTH ...

CIV-110 ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY: STATE BAR NO: FOR COURT USE ONLY NAME:LAW OFFICES OF JOHN L. BURRIS; John L. Burris, SBN 69888; Adante FIRM NAME: Pointer, SBN 236229; Ann M. Kariuki, SBN 283306 sTREETAooRESS:7677 Oakport Street,

First Amended Complaint for Damages, Discrimination, Harassment and Reta...

eo OI DH BW NY voN YPN yoo Se oe oe oe oe BNRRRBBEBGESEWIAFBDEBHRE S The Biegler Law Firm Robert P. Biegler (CA Bar Assn. No. 88506) 725 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Telephone: (916) 927-3971 Facsimile: (916) 927-7869 Attomey for Plaintiff Margarito Ortega SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN MARGARITO ORTEGA, ) Case No. 39-2015-00324129-CU-OE-STK ) Plaintiff, ) FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR ve ) DAMAGES, DISCRIMINATION, ) HARASSMENT

Plaintiff s First Amended Complaint for Damages - Amended Complaint

Maria E, Minney (SBN: 289131) Superior Cour of California F MINNEY LAW 520 Capitol Mall, Ste. 280 Sacramento, CA 95814 Telephone: (916)798-7793 mariaminney @icloud.com County of Butte | omr—n Attorney for Plaintiff By ___.tN* *vY~ HEIDI CRESS Electronically FILED SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF BUTTE HEIDI CRESS, Case No. 18CV02436 Plaintiff, PLAINTIFFS FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES: 1) Disability Discrimination (Gov. Code § 12940, subd. (a)) BUTTE COUNTY LI

Second Amended Complaint for Damages, Discrimination, Due to Age, Gender...

Downy nH FW YN Noy N WN NN WN ee RBNRRRBBEBSGRERWVABEBR AS The Biegler Law Firm Robert P. Biegler (CA Bar Assn. No. 88506) FILED se. 725 University Ave. - Sacramento, CA 95825 16 JUN 1S PH I2 SI Telephone: (916) 927-3971 Facsimile: (916) 927-7869 ROSA JUNGUEIRO. CLERK Attorney for Plaintiff Cy A ~ Lomadbe & Laurie Leffler EPUTY SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN . LAURIE LEEFLER, ) Case No. STK-CV-UOE-2015-0002604 ) Plaintiff, SECOND v. AMENDED

First Amended Complaint for Damages for Discrimination in Violation of F...

O a “sO nm wo nn — = co (UNLIMITED CIVIL CASE} COMES NOW PLAINITFF KRISTINA WARMERDAM (hereinafter referred to as “PLAINTIFF”) and alleges against Defendants, VALLEYCREST LANDSCAPE 1 COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES 6G rea _ FEB 1 8 20" | ROSA JUNQUEIRO, CLERK | Michael J, Dyer SBN 109297 loretat Dustin J, Dyer SBN 274308 Bs i ann DYER LAW FIRM DEPUTY 5250 Claremont Ave. Ste. 119 Stockton, CA 95207 [email protected] Attorney for Plaintiffs, Kristina Warmerdam SUPERIOR COURT OF THE S

First Amended Complaint For Damages, Retaliation For Protected Activity ...

Co mI A WF YN RB BPP ww YN a a o RBRRRERERRBE SERA GEEHRATS THE BIEGLER LAW FIRM FILED suPERIONCHURT-sTeeKT Robert P. Biegler (CA Bar Assn. No. 88506) 725 University Avenue Sacramento, CA 95825 18 SEP 28 PH 1:57 Telephone: (916) 927-3971 : Facsimile: (916) 927-7869 Attorneys for Plaintiff Thomas Bitz SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN THOMAS BITZ ) Case No. STK-CV-UOE-2017-0001701 Plaintiff, } FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT FOR ) DAMAGES, RETALIATION FOR v.

First Amended Complaint for Damages due to Age, and Gender, Discriminati...

CoO RDA W Fw The Biegler Law Firm Robert i Biegler (CA Bar Assn. No. 88506) Hyer Ave. f Sacramghto, CA 95825 DE 7 Telephate: (916) 927-3971 725 Unit Facsimile: (916) 927-7869 Attorney} . o ST Ke ev ~ Uoe- ZD1S - +6 \ KATHRIN BYERS, ) Case No. 39-201 5-00323226-CU-OE-STK Plaintiff, } FIRST AMENDED BY phx v. ) COMPLAINT FOR DAMAGES, ) DUE TO AGE, AND GENDER, ) DISCRIMINATION, HARASSMENT, ) AND RETALIATION IN VIOLATION STOCK{ON UNIFIED SCHOOL j OFFEHA | i DISTRIGT, STEVEN LOWDER, ) : :

First Amended Complaint for Damages, Discrimination, Due to Age, Gender,...

Co ec NA mH kB YN . N ON. _ — — RBNYRRERBBRHF BE eSWADAEBHSS FILED COURT - STOGATEN The Biegler Law Firm NQ Robert P. Biegler (CA Bar Assn. No. 88506) SNTAPR 2 PA TSk 725 University Ave. . pes Sacramento, CA 95825 "ROSA JUNQUEIRO. CLERK Telephone: (916) 927-3971 | Facsimile: (916) 927-7869 Ms er st aera, Attorney for Plaintiff f\enne Olivia Castillo . SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN OLIVIA CASTILLO, ) Case No. STK-CV-UOE-2015-00064

Amended Complaint for Damages, Due to Age, Gender, Disability, and Natio...

oan nD WF YW N YS wy we RR Re |= Be ee ee a oe oe BPNRRRBBRBS SGFeF UV ADEBR ES The Biegler Law Firm Robert P. Biegler (CA Bar Assn. No. 88506) 725 University Ave. Sacramento, CA 95825 Telephone: (916) 927-3971 Facsimile: (916) 927-7869 Attomey for Plaintiff Susan Nicholle Medina FILED te 16 FEB -1 PHI Gt Eye Cows ee hae =“ teury “DEPUTY SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA FOR THE COUNTY OF SAN JOAQUIN SUSAN NICHOLLE MEDINA, Plaintiff, STOCKTON UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT,

Reply to Opposition (to Motion for Summary Adjudication of FEHA Causes o...

16 17 18 19 KAMaLa D. 1. Attorney Gener. Yalifornia Davip J. NEILL . { Supervising Deputy sey General, RTE. HIGHTOWER ity Attorney Genera iL RSED . ar No. 207189 Le Street, Suite 125 P.G 944255 Sacra. CA 94244-2550 Telephe 916) 322-5481 Fax: (91e 5567 E-mail: Ba. A0"'[email protected]}.ca.gov Attorneys for L. “Ya ants, California Dep. tof Corrections and 1 G Jitation and Robert . % Sc 4 'OR COURT OF Tr ATE OF CALIFOR, COUNTY OF SAC "ENTO 2 % % TIFFANI EM. YN, an individual, & Case

BRIEF RE: TRIAL MGMT OF FEHA EXEMPTION ISSUE (TRANSACTION ID # 17317024)...

Ce IN DW FF BN = 6 8 13 P. BOBBY SHUKLA (SBN 229736) SHUKLA LAW 353 Sacramento Street, Suite 400 San Francisco, CA 94111 Tel: (415) 986-1338 Email: [email protected] KATHRYN BURKETT DICKSON (SBN: 70636) EMILY A. NUGENT (SBN: 255048) ZOE TELLMAN (SBN: 298698) DICKSON GEESMAN LLP 1999 Harrison Street, Suite 2000 Oakland, CA 94612 Tel: (510) 899-4670 Fax: (510) 899-4671 E-Mail: [email protected] E-Mail: [email protected] E-Mail: [email protected] Attorneys

BRIEF RE: SUBSTANCE OF FEHA EXEMPTION ISSUE (TRANSACTION ID # 17317024) ...

aR Soe NY DAW BR WN ELECTRONICALLY P. BOBBY SHUKLA (SBN 229736) FILED SHUKLA LAW Superior Court of Catform, 353 Sacramento Street, Suite 400 County of San Francisco Sar. Francisco, CA 94111 11/14/2017 Tel: (415) 986-1338 Clerk of the Court Email: [email protected] BY GARY FESLcLAnO Deputy Clerk KATHRYN BURKETT DICKSON (SBN: 70636) EMILY A. NUGENT (SBN: 255048) ZOE TELLMAN (SBN: 298698) DICKSON GEESMAN LLP 1999 Harrison Street, Suite 2000 Oakland, CA 94612 Tel: (510) 899-4670

SUPPLEMENTAL BRIEF RE MERITS OF FEHA RELIGIOUS EXEMPTION (TRANSACTION ID...

Ce IN DW FF BN = 6 8 13 P. BOBBY SHUKLA (SBN 229736) SHUKLA LAW 353 Sacramento Street, Suite 400 San Francisco, CA 94111 Tel: (415) 986-1338 Email: [email protected] KATHRYN BURKETT DICKSON (SBN: 70636) EMILY A. NUGENT (SBN: 255048) ZOE TELLMAN (SBN: 298698) DICKSON GEESMAN LLP 1999 Harrison Street, Suite 2000 Oakland, CA 94612 Tel: (510) 899-4670 Fax: (510) 899-4671 E-Mail: [email protected] E-Mail: [email protected] E-Mail: [email protected] Attorneys fo

ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AS TO PLAINTI...

OO San Francisco Superior Courts Information Technology Group Document Scanning Lead Sheet Jul-28-2003 2:25 pm Case Number: CGC-02-413122 Filing Date: Jul-28-2003 2:21 Juke Box: 001 Image: 00747808 ORDER FRANCIS WING SUN FOK VS. CALIFORNIA PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION et al 001000747808 Instructions: Please place this sheet on top of the document to be scanned. 26 27 Order Granting and Denying Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment, FOK/ : . DM4SUMI.POD.wpd or in the Alt

Request for Dismissal with prejudice as to 5th cause of action (Lab. Cod...

BY FAX Civ-110 “ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY (Namo) Sta Barnupiber and odawsah James.Jim (Bar No.-241489). otes, TOR CRT steox ron GRAVEL JIRN, PLC, 1901 Harrison St., Ste. 1100, Oakland, CA 94612 oes sTELEPHOKE NO 510-844-7771 (Optional): 888-418-3655 Lo. : 8 |@graveljirn. com. ans act 28 PH 3:25 \TTORNEY FOR (Nano Dana Kymia, et al. {| Plaintiffs) J SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY oF SAN JOAQUIN i stReer aporess: 222 E. Weber Ave. ING ADDRESS: iF ano zp cobe: Stockton, CA

ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AS TO PLAINTI...

MOA San Francisco Superior Courts Information Technology Group Document Scanning Lead Sheet Jul-11-2005 4:14 pm Case Number: CGC-04-434184 Filing Date: Jul-11-2005 4:08 Juke Box: 001 Image: 01238199 ORDER BOBBY E. FEAGIN VS. CITY AND COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISCO, MUNICIPAL et al 001001238199 Instructions: Please place this sheet on top of the document to be scanned.io em NIN DW FB WN boN YW NR YN NR KN DN fF Se Fe Be SF ee se SF So VA aA FF OoNH |§ SC 6D we NY DH FF WN KF SO DENNI

Defendant's Motion in Limine No. 4 To Exclude Evidence of Discipline to ...

Gardon & Rees | 275 Battery Street. “ San Franciscr ya A nA F w 10 lt 12 13 22 23 24 25 28 MICHAEL A. . *ENSON (SBN 190. [email protected] »s.com BRAD M. WEIN], > (SBN 299298) [email protected] m RDON & REES LY MANSUKHA‘’ 2 2: ‘ery Street, Suite 20. San ‘sco, CA 94111 Telepi. £415) 986-5900 Facsimu _*5) 986-8054 Attorneys fo. ndants ELICA HEAL. &=NTERS % su. ‘apr COURTFOR. “TATEOF CALIF. 7A IN. "ORTHECOUN, > SACRAMENTO LATEK -EDDIX, 2, CASENO. —7015-00183134 &. Plaintifi —

DISMISSAL WITHOUT PREJUDICE FIRST CAUSE OF ACTION (UNRUH ACT) AND FIFTH ...

CiV-110 [ATTORNEY OR PARTY WITHOUT ATTORNEY: STATE BAR NO: FOR COURT USE ONLY Name: LAW OFFICES OF JOHN L. BURRIS; John L. Burris, SBN 69888; FIRM NAME: Adante Pointer, SBN 236229; Ann M. Kariuki, SBN 283306 STREET ADDRESS: 7677 Oakport Street, Suite 1120 city: Oakland state: CA zip cove: 94621 TELEPHONE NO.: (510) 839-5200 FAXNO.: (510) 839-3882 E-mail ADpRess: [email protected] ATTORNEY FOR (Name): PLAINTIFF LAWRENCE HALEY SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF SAN FRANCISC

Motion in Limine (MIL No. 12 to Exclude Evidence that Stress Caused by S...

UKIbIY Fk “VENDORSEL * | XAVIER BECERK yi Attorney General . “fornia TAMARA L. MORGA: 5 2019 svervising Deputy A » General 3 > Bar No. 209001 * OWENSBY 4), D. Attorney General Stat No. 131281 5S | SHANN McDANIEL Deputy « >y General 6 | State Bar! 9249 1300 I Strec ve 125 7 P.O. Box 944, Sacramento, Cr “%, ‘4-2550 Telephone: (916, @, 7873 Fax: (916) 324-550 % g mail: Tracy.Owens ‘oj.ca.gov seys for Defendant i ‘ment of State 10} 4 ls (erroneously suew » State of Cas. : i SUPERIO

Opposition (To MIL No. 12 to Exclude Evidence that Stress Caused by Supe...

«ORTHGATE BOULEVARD, St" SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNI* ne aA nr > Ww 10 ll 12 1s 16 17 18 19 22 23 24 25 6 28 Lawrance A. Bohn. ‘ictoria L. Gutierrez , *k K. Ulmer (SBN: - a 4 LAW GROUP, 1. 46. thgate Boulevard, S Sacra. California 95834 Telephe §6.920.1292 Facsimile. 927.2046 1; 208716) 282715) 5) 10 Attorneys for Pla. 2, MARCELLA CRIS. & » % g % PERIOR COURT O. FILE. NDORSED “IFORNIA UNTY OF SACRA. TO MARC. > CRISAN, oe Case No... 15-00174376 Pla eS %,,| PLAINTIFF'S <

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